Daniel Davidson Bidwell

Daniel Davidson Bidwell was born in Black Rock (now a part of Buffalo), New York, on August 12, 1819. An influential citizen of Buffalo for more than twenty years before the war, he was prominently identified with the various military organizations of the city and held the office of police justice. Bidwell resigned this position to enlist as a private in the 65th New York Infantry, was appointed brigade inspector, and later transferred to the 74th New York. On October 21, 1861, he was appointed colonel of the 49th New York and served with this regiment throughout the Peninsular campaign. From the Seven Days until South Mountain he is said to have commanded a brigade, although the records do not substantiate this nor do the army returns indicate his presence in the Maryland campaign which culminated at Sharpsburg (Antietam). At the bloody fiasco on the Rappahannock River, when Ambrose E. Burnside. attempted to drive Robert E. Lee from his unassailable position in the rear of Fredericksburg, Bidwell, who was again in command of the 49th New York, took an honorable part. He fought at Chancellorsville and on May 31 was in command of the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps, as senior colonel, in the absence of General Thomas H. Neill. Bidwell continued with the VI Corps at Gettysburg, again in regimental command, and participated in the Overland campaign of 1864 and in the battles around Petersburg. On June 9, 1864, General George G. Meade recommended him for promotion to brigadier general; on August 11 the appointment was made. He accompanied the VI Corps, now under General Horatio G. Wright, to the Shenandoah and fought at Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek in permanent command of his brigade. At Cedar Creek, during the Union reverse on the early morning of October 19, 1864, Bidwell was mortally wounded by a shell, "while behaving with conspicuous gallantry." He was buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.