Eliakim Parker Scammon

Section 7. Gen. Scammon's unmarked grave is in the clear spot in the foreground of this photo.

Eliakim Parker Scammon, who attended the Military Academy as E. Parker Scammon, was born December 27, 1816, in the village of Whitefield, Maine. He entered the Military Academy at the age of sixteen and was graduated in ninth place in the class of 1837, whose most celebrated members were Braxton Bragg, John Sedgwick, and Joseph Hooker. As an officer of Topographical Engineers he served at West Point, in the Florida War against the Seminoles, and in 1847 became a member of General Winfield Scott's staff at Vera Cruz. Thereafter, he performed survey duty on the northern lakes for eight years. In 1856, while detailed to construct military roads in the New Mexico Territory, he was dismissed from the service for "Conduct to the Prejudice of Good Order and Military Discipline," and "Disobedience of Orders." He then taught parochial school in Cincinnati until June 14, 1861, when he was commissioned colonel of the 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, succeeding General W. S. Rosecrans. The regiment skirmished at Carnifix Ferry, West Virginia, in September, 1861, and was engaged in discipline and drill until May, 1862, when it fought a series of minor actions in the District of the Kanawha, with Scammon commanding a brigade. In the Maryland campaign he Commanded the 1st Brigade of the "Kanawha Division" of Burnside's IX Corps and, for a time, the division; he was promoted to brigadier general to rank from October 15, 1862. He was then placed in charge of the District of Kanawha, which he commanded until February 3, 1864, when he was "gobbled up by [Confederate] guerillas," while sleeping aboard a steamboat on the Kanawha River, and held as a prisoner of war until August 3, 1864. In the last months of the war he commanded the District of Florida. Scammon was mustered out of service on August 24, 1865, and from 1866 until 1870 was United States consul on Prince Edward Island. In 1875 he became professor of mathematics at Seaton Hall College, South Orange, New Jersey, where he remained for a decade. During the last six years of his life General Scammon made his home in New York City where he died on December 7, 1894. He was buried in Calvary Cemetery, Long Island City.

Previous Page

Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.