Elliott Warren Rice

Elliott Warren Rice, a younger brother of General Samuel A. Rice, was born in Allegheny City (now part of Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, on November 16, 1835; the next year his parents moved to Belmont County, Ohio. After attending school in Wheeling, (West) Virginia, he entered Franklin College (now Ohio University), at Athens, Ohio, and in 1855 went to Oskaloosa, Iowa, to study law with his brother. He was graduated from the law school of the University of Albany in 1858, and he returned to Oskaloosa, where he practiced law in partnership with his brother. He entered the Union army as a private in Company C, 7th Iowa, was made corporal on July 24, 1861, major on August 30, and colonel April 7; 1862. At the battle of Belmont he commanded the regiment after his colonel was wounded and lieutenant colonel killed; Rice himself was badly wounded. He was still on crutches at Fort Donelson but fought at Shiloh in W. H. L. Wallace's division; at the battle of Corinth in October, 1862, he commanded his regiment in T. A. Davies' division of the Army of West Tennessee. After pursuing the Confederates to Rienzi, Mississippi, Rice was sent to Bethel, Tennessee, to take charge of the post and district and then on to LaGrange to protect the Memphis & Charleston Railroad between Memphis and Corinth. During the Atlanta campaign Rice commanded the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVI Corps, and for a time the division itself, taking part in all the battles which led up the investment of Atlanta. He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on June 22, 1864, and during the Atlanta campaign, W. T. Sherman's celebrated "March to the Sea," and the campaign of the Carolinas, he directed his brigade which was now in Corse's division of Logan's XV Corps, Army of the Tennessee. His last encounter was at Bentonville; shortly after this the Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnston surrendered at Durham Station. Rice was brevetted major general in the omnibus promotions of March, 1865, and after being mustered out in August, 1865, practiced law in Washington for twenty years. In 1885 declining health compelled him to move to the home of a sister in Sioux City, Iowa, where he died June 22, 1887, and was buried in Floyd Cemetery. General Rice was wounded seven times during the war and carried the bullet he received at Belmont the rest of his life.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.