Eugene Asa Carr

Eugene Asa Carr was born in Erie County, New York, on March 20, 1830. At sixteen he secured an appointment to West Point and was graduated in the class of 1850, ranking just ahead of William P. Carlin. Originally commissioned into the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen (3rd Cavalry), Carr commenced a distinguished career of forty-three years, most of it on the frontier, in the mounted arm of the service. He was severely wounded by Indians in Texas in 1854 and was promoted to captain in 1858 in the old 1st Cavalry, a regiment which numbered among its field officers, R. E. Lee, J. E. Johnston, and W. J. Hardee. Carr's first Civil War service was at the battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, August 10, 1861. Six days later he was commissioned colonel of the 3rd Illinois Cavalry and on March 7, 1862, brigadier general of volunteers. While still a colonel, Carr commanded a brigade of cavalry and directed the 4th (infantry) Division, at the battle of Elkhorn Tavern where he was three times wounded and won the Congressional Medal of Honor for distinguished gallantry. In the campaign that culminated in the surrender of Vicksburg, Carr commanded a division of the XIII Corps. Thereafter, he served in Arkansas where, in command of a cavalry division, he took part in Frederick Steele's Camden campaign until 1865. In February of that year, Carr commanded a division of the XVI Corps and participated in the campaign against Mobile. Bre-vetted major general in both the regular and volunteer forces, Carr soon returned to the western frontier, reverting to his regular rank of major, 5th Cavalry. A long series of campaigns took him over much Indian country in Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska, Arizona, New Mexico, the Dakotas, and Montana. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel (1873), colonel (1879), and brigadier general (1892). His exploits were legion as a famous and experienced Indian fighter of the post-Civil War period. Retired in 1893, he lived in Washington, where he was much interested in the National Geographic Society. He died on December 2, 1910, and was buried at West Point.

Rank and organization: Colonel, 3d Illinois Cavalry.
Place and date: At Pea Ridge, Ark., March 7, 1862.
Entered service at: Hamburg, Erie County, N.Y.
Born: March 10, 1830, Boston Corner, Erie County, N.Y.
Date of issue: January 16, 1894.
Citation:
Directed the deployment of his command and held his ground, under a brisk fire of shot and shell in which he was several times wounded.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.