Friedrich (Frederick) Salomon


Friedrich (Frederick) Salomon was born on April 7, 1826, probably in the village of Strobeck in Saxony, then a part of Prussia. He obtained a good education in the local gymnasium, became a surveyor, rose to the rank of lieutenant during his army service, and was a student of architecture in Berlin when the revolutions which swept Europe broke out. He was the eldest of four brothers who emigrated to America in 1848; two were brevetted brigadier general during the Civil War and another was governor of Wisconsin in 1862-63. He settled in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, where he became prominent as surveyor, register of deeds, and engineer in the location of the Manitowoc & Wisconsin Railroad (today a part of the Chicago 8c Northwestern Railroad). Salomon entered the volunteer army on May 19, 1861, as a captain of the 5th Missouri, a three-month regiment whose colonel was one of his brothers; this regiment fought at Wilson's Creek in Sigel's brigade.  On November 26, 1861, Salomon was appointed colonel of the 9th Wisconsin which he commanded in Missouri and Arkansas until he was made brigadier general on July 18, 1862, to rank from July 16, and was assigned to the command of a brigade in Kansas. He served throughout the war in an area which was seldom in the spotlight. On July 4, 1863, Salomon, commanding a division of the XIII Corps, fought off a determined attack by a Confederate force under Lieutenant General T. H. Holmes on the defenses of Helena and earned high praise from his district commander General Benjamin M. Prentiss, who stated that "the thanks ... of the nation . . . are due . . . General . . . Salomon." He commanded the 3rd Division at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry where his command's stout defense enabled Frederick Steele's battered troops to cross the Saline River. He was brevetted major general on March 13, 1865, for meritorious service and was honorably mustered out on August 25. After the war General Salomon was appointed surveyor general of Missouri. Upon the accession of Rutherford B. Hayes to the presidency, he was made United States surveyor general of the Territory of Utah, an office which he continued to fill during the terms of Presidents Garfield and Arthur. He died in Salt Lake City, on March 8, 1897, and was buried there in Mt. Olivet Cemetery.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.