George Crockett Strong


George Crockett Strong was born on October 16, 1832, in Stockbridge, Vermont, but lost his father at an early age, was adopted by an uncle, and as a consequence grew up in Easthampton, Massachusetts. He was appointed to the Military Academy in 1853 and was graduated in the class of 1857 with the brevet of second lieutenant of ordnance. Prior to the outbreak of the Civil War, Strong was stationed at a succession of United States arsenals in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Alabama, and New York. He was Irvin McDowell's ordnance officer during the campaign of First Manassas and then served for a time as assistant ordnance officer on George B. McClellan's staff. In September, 1861, he transferred to Benjamin F. Butler's staff and was appointed assistant adjutant general of volunteers with the rank of major. He aided in organizing the expedition which occupied New Orleans and subsequently became Butler's chief of staff as well as chief of ordnance.  Strong seems to have suffered poor health, as he was absent on sick leave from June to September, 1862, and again from December, 1862, to June, 1863. In the interval between these two leaves he commanded an expedition to Ponchatoula, Louisiana (headquarters of General M. Jeff. Thompson of the Confederate Missouri State Guard), where he destroyed a large train of supplies. In the operations against Charleston, South Carolina, in 1863, Strong, who had been promoted brigadier general of volunteers on March 23, 1863, to rank from the previous November 29, commanded a brigade which was the first to land on Morris Island on July 10. At the assault on Fort Wagner (sometimes known as Battery Wagner) on July 18, while he was leading the storming column, Strong was struck in the thigh by a rifle ball. The wound resulted in lockjaw which caused his death twelve days later in New York City, where he had been taken for treatment. He was buried in Green-Wood Cemetery, in Brooklyn, New York. The day after his death he was nominated, confirmed, and duly appointed major general of volunteers to rank from July 18, 1863, the day he was wounded.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.