George Henry Gordon

George Henry Gordon was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, on July 19, 1823. His widowed mother moved to Framingham, Massachusetts, when the boy was five. After he was graduated from Framing-ham Academy, he entered West Point in the class of 1846, graduating forty-third of fifty-nine. As a young officer Gordon distinguished himself in Winfield Scott's army during the siege of Vera Cruz and the advance to Mexico City; he was twice wounded and was awarded a brevet promotion for gallantry at Cerro Gordo. After some routine duty he resigned his commission in the Mounted Rifles in 1854 to study law at Harvard and was admitted to the bar in 1857. Gordon recruited the 2nd Massachusetts early in 1861 and was made its colonel on May 24. During the first year of the war the regiment was on duty guarding the Upper Potomac and Frederick, Maryland. In the spring of 1862 Gordon served under the ill-fated N. P. Banks in the Shenandoah Valley campaign against Stonewall Jackson. On June 9, 1862, Gordon was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. He fought at Cedar Mountain, Chantilly, South Mountain, and Sharps-burg and commanded for a time the 1st Division of the XII Corps. Left once again to guard the Upper Potomac during the campaign of Fredericksburg, he was sent to Suffolk, Virginia, during the siege of that place by James Longstreet, where Gordon commanded the reserve division of two brigades. Until the end of the war his duties were of a routine nature. In the autumn of 1863 he commanded a division of the forces laying siege to the harbor of Charleston and the following year served in Arkansas and in Florida. From November, 1864, until after the end of the war he was on duty in the Department of Virginia, commanding the Eastern district of the department from February, 1865, until he was mustered out with the brevet of major general. General Gordon was then a lawyer in Boston and authored numerous books dealing with his military experiences. He was also one of the founders of the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts. He died at Framingham on August 30, 1886, and was buried in Framingham Centre.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.