Green Berry Raum
Green Berry Raum was born at Golconda, Illinois, an Ohio River town at the tip of the state, on December 3, 1829. His father was an officer in the War of 1812 and in the Black Hawk War, a member of the state senate, and clerk of the county and circuit courts. After receiving a public school education and making three trips to New Orleans by flatboat, Raum studied law and was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1853. After a short residence in the Kansas Territory he settled in Harrisburg, Illinois. In 1860 he was an alternate delegate to the Democratic National Convention as a Stephen A. Douglas supporter. When the 56th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Mather, near Shawneetown, Raum became successively its major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel. At the battle of Corinth in October, 1862, he led a successful bayonet charge; next he commanded a brigade of McPherson's XVII Corps in the Vicksburg campaign and at the battle of Chattanooga, where he was badly wounded during the assault on Missionary Ridge. Returning to duty in February, 1864, Raum protected W. T. Sherman's communications northward to Dalton during the Atlanta campaign, and after John B. Hood's evacuation of Atlanta and movement northwestward, he reinforced the Resaca defenses, thereby compelling the Confederate commander to bypass the town. During the "March to the Sea" he directed a brigade of the XV Corps, now under Peter J. Osterhaus, and on January 16, 1865, was granted leave of absence; he makes no further appearance in the Official Records. He had been made a brigadier by brevet as of September 19, 1864, and on February 28, 1865, was given the full rank to date from February 15; he resigned on May 6. General Raum had a varied post-bellum career: he was builder and first president of the Cairo and Vincennes Railroad, Radical Republican member of Congress from Illinois (1867-69), commissioner of internal revenue (1876-83), practicing attorney in Washington (1883-89), and pension commissioner (1889-93). He was accused of using his position as pension commissioner to further his personal interests; however, two Congressional committees failed to agree on the censurability of his acts. For the last sixteen years of his life he practiced law in Chicago, where he died December 18, 1909. General Raum was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.