Henry Dwight Terry


Henry Dwight Terry was born in Hartford, Connecticut, on March 16, 1812. As a young man he moved to the state of Michigan, where he studied law and began his practice in Detroit. He also took an active interest in military matters; accordingly, with the outbreak of the Civil War, he recruited and organized the 5th Michigan Infantry, which was mustered into service on August 28, 1861. F. B. Heitman exhibits that Terry himself was commissioned colonel of the regiment on June 10, 1861. He served in the Washington defenses during the first winter of the war. In the Peninsular campaign Terry and his men were attached to Berry's brigade of Kearny's III Corps division and sustained heavy losses at Williamsburg and Seven Pines (Fair Oaks). He was not present during the Seven Days battles nor thereafter until he was ordered to report at Fort Monroe on December 26, 1862, meantime receiving promotion to brigadier general to rank from July 17, 1862. He commanded a brigade of Corcoran's division at Suffolk, Virginia, during its investment by James Longstreet in the spring of 1863. Subsequent to the Gettysburg campaign, Terry returned to the Army of the Potomac as commander of a division of the VI Corps, which he led during the fall campaign on the line of the Rappahannock. In January, 1864, he and his division were sent to Sandusky and Johnson's Island to take charge of the prison there, but he was superseded in command in May, 1864, and at this point disappears from the Official Records. His resignation was accepted on February 7, 1865, whereupon he resumed the practice of law in Washington. He died there on June 22, 1869, and was buried in Clinton Grove Cemetery, Mt. Clemens, Michigan, near Detroit.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.