Henry Moses Judah

Henry Moses Judah was born June 12, 1821, in Snow Hill on the eastern shore of Maryland, where his father, an Episcopal minister and native of Connecticut, was serving a parish. He was graduated from West Point in 1843, thirty-fifth in a class of thirty-nine, Grant ranking twenty-first. His pre-Civil War military career was meritorious, and included the brevets of first lieutenant and captain for bravery in Mexico and extensive duty in the Pacific Northwest. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Judah, then a captain of the 4th Infantry, was stationed at Fort Yuma, California, across the Colorado River from the present city of Yuma, Arizona. As a result of this geographical accident, he served nominally for a couple of months as colonel of the 4th California Infantry, a battalion organized in the gold rush area east of Sacramento. He resigned this command in November, 1861, returned to the East, and served in the Washington defenses until the following spring, when he was made a brigadier general of volunteers on March 21, 1862. As such he was acting inspector general of Ulysses S. Grant's army at Shiloh. After resigning this staff appointment, he commanded a division under Henry W. Halleck in the course of the approach on the rail junction of Corinth. During the winter of 1862-63, General Judah served as acting inspector general of the Army of the Ohio, and the following summer commanded a division of the XXIII Corps during the Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's incursion of Ohio. Although Morgan was finally captured, Judah's direction of his troops seems to have left something to be desired in the minds of his superiors, and he was relegated to routine administrative duties during the balance of the war. General Judah had been promoted major in the 4th Infantry on June 30, 1862, and after being mustered out of volunteer service, commanded the garrison at Plattsburg Barracks, New York. He died here, January 14, 1866, at the age of forty-five. His remains were taken to Westport, Connecticut, where they were placed in a tomb in Kings Highway Cemetery, known as the "Colonel Marvin Tomb," a sepulcher repeatedly desecrated by vandals.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.