Isham Nicholas Haynie

Isham Nicholas Haynie was born on November 18, 1824, in the hamlet of Dover, Tennessee, which became famous a generation later as the site of Fort Donelson. He was taken to Illinois in childhood, received little education, worked as a farm laborer in order to accumulate the means to study law, and was admitted to the bar in 1846. During the Mexican War he served as a first lieutenant of the 6th Illinois Volunteers and in 1850 was a member of the Illinois legislature. To supplement his formal education, he entered the Kentucky law school and was graduated in 1852. Four years later he was appointed judge of the court of common pleas at Cairo, Illinois. In 1860, Haynie canvassed the state as a presidential elector for Stephen A. Douglas. The following September, after the outbreak of the Civil War, Haynie recruited the 48th Illinois Infantry, which wintered at Cairo. The regiment participated in U. S. Grant's "reconnaissance" to Columbus, Kentucky; it was present at the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson, sustaining substantial casualties at the latter place, where Haynie temporarily commanded the 3rd Brigade of McClernand's 1st Division. At Shiloh he was badly wounded, and the brigade suffered 585 casualties. On his return to duty, he was assigned to command the 1st Brigade of Logan's 3rd Division of McPherson's XVII Corps, whose headquarters was in Memphis in January, 1863, while Grant's whole army was preparing for the momentous operations against Vicksburg. Haynie was appointed brigadier general of volunteers to rank from November 29, 1862, but the Senate failed to act upon his nomination prior to the beginning of the new session of Congress and it expired by operation of law on March 4, 1863. Two days later Haynie was "relieved, on tender of his resignation. . . ." He retired to the practice of law and later became adjutant general of Illinois. Haynie died in Springfield on May 22, 1868, and was buried there in Oak Ridge Cemetery.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.