Jasper Adalmorn Maltby

Jasper Adalmorn Maltby was born in Kingsville, Ohio, November 3, 1826. In the spring of 1847 he enlisted in the 15th U. S. Infantry for service in the Mexican War and later was severely wounded at Chapultepec. After muster out on August 3, 1848, as a private, he became a gunsmith in Galena, Illinois, and operated what today would be called a sporting goods store until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. He enlisted in the 45th Illinois Volunteers and was appointed its lieutenant colonel on December 26, 1861. The regiment, whose colonel was then John E. Smith, took part in U. S. Grant's offensive against Fort Henry and later Fort Donelson where Maltby was disabled for a time by a leg wound. After the promotion of Smith, Maltby became colonel, and during the Vicksburg campaign he led the command with such ardor that it was chosen for the post of honor upon the occupation of the city after the Confederate capitulation. At this time the 45th Illinois was a part of Smith's brigade, Logan's division of McPherson's XVII Corps. On August 4, 1863, Maltby was promoted to brigadier general. Thereafter he and his brigade were stationed in and near Vicksburg, much of the time serving as garrison of the post. Then in June, 1865, General Maltby was given command of a sub district which embraced several counties in Mississippi and which he directed until he was honorably mustered out of the service on January 15, 1866. Although a fellow-townsman and friend of Grant's, he was not awarded a brevet promotion and in fact seems to have been shelved after Vicksburg —several who had been his juniors subsequently overslaughing him. After his muster-out General Maltby determined to try his fortunes in the city of which he had been commander for so long and engaged in "mercantile pursuits" there, although still maintaining a residence in Galena. In September, 1867, General Edward Ord, who at the time commanded the military department which embraced Vicksburg, appointed him mayor of the city. Three months later, on December 12, 1867, he died of yellow fever and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Galena.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.