John Beatty was born near Sandusky, Ohio, on December 16, 1828. Educated in the local schools, he established with his brother the Beatty Brothers Bank (later the First National Bank) in Carding-ton, Ohio, about 1854. He was a Republican presidential elector in 1860. In April of 1861 he raised one of the companies of the 3rd Ohio, a regiment of which he soon became lieutenant colonel and with which he served in George B. Mc-Clellan's western Virginia campaign. Promoted to colonel and transferred to Kentucky, he took part in Ormsby Mitchel's raid into Tennessee and North Alabama and then fought at Perryville. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on November 29, 1862, and was in command of a brigade at Murfreesboro, where two horses were killed under him. He took a distinguished part in the Tullahoma, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga campaigns and accompanied W. T. Sherman's column to the relief of Ambrose E. Burnside's beleaguered command at Knoxville. In January, 1864, he resigned his commission and returned to his banking business so that his brother could enter the army. In 1868 General Beatty was elected to Congress and was twice reelected. Moving to Columbus, Ohio, in 1873, he opened a bank and served as president until 1903. He held many offices in the Republican party, was a candidate for governor of Ohio in 1884, and served as president of the Ohio Chickamauga and Chattanooga Military Park Commission from 1891 to 1895. Beatty published his Civil War diary in 1879, and later wrote several historical novels, financial treatises, and miscellaneous articles. He died in Columbus on December 21, 1914, and was buried in Oakland Cemetery, Sandusky.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.