John Thomas Croxton


John Thomas Croxton was born in Bourbon County, Kentucky, November 20, 1836. He was graduated from Yale in 1857; studied law in Georgetown, Kentucky; and began practice in Paris, Kentucky, in August, 1859. On October 9, 1861, Croxton was mustered into United States service as lieutenant colonel of the 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry; he became its colonel the following May. He was made brigadier general of volunteers in July, 1864, and brevetted major general at the close of the war. In the interval he compiled a most creditable military record. His first battle was that of Mill Springs under George H. Thomas.  In command of his regiment, Croxton was present at Perryville, although not engaged, and in the campaign of Tullahoma, which maneuvered Braxton Bragg out of Tennessee. In the battle of Chickamauga, Croxton commanded a brigade of John M. Brannan's division of Thomas' XIV Corps. Here he was "severely and painfully wounded" on September 20 and eulogized by Brannan as the "gallant and dashing Croxton." During the Atlanta campaign, Croxton commanded a cavalry brigade which, after the capture of Atlanta, was sent with Thomas to Nashville. In Thomas' efforts to concentrate his forces before he could be struck by the hard-marching forces of John B. Hood, Croxton's command displayed considerable esprit in the face of Nathan B. Forrest's troopers. During the battle of Nashville, Croxton's brigade was prominent in the rout and dispersal of Hood's army. At the close of hostilities he was placed in command of the military District of Southwest Georgia, with headquarters at Macon. In December, 1865, General Croxton resigned his commission and returned to Kentucky, where he resumed his law practice and lived on his farm near Paris. A few years later he was a prime mover in establishing the Louisville Commercial, a Republican paper. In 1873, he accepted the office of United States minister to Bolivia. He died there, on April 16, 1874, and his body was returned to Paris for burial.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.