Joseph Bradford Carr
Joseph Bradford Carr was born August 16, 1828, in Albany, New York, the child of Irish immigrants. At an early age he was apprenticed to a tobacconist and continued in this business until the outbreak of the Civil War. Meantime, he became interested in military affairs while living in Troy, New York, and by 1861 was a colonel of militia. Carr was a prime mover in the organization of the 2nd New York Infantry, a two-year regiment. He was mustered into United States service as a colonel on May 14, 1861. Sent to Fort Monroe, the 2nd New York Infantry took part in the famed action at Big Bethel. Carr commanded a brigade in Joseph Hooker's division of the III Corps during the Peninsular campaign and at Second Manassas and on September 7, 1862, was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. He fought creditably at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (where he briefly commanded the division of mortally wounded Hiram G. Berry), and at Gettysburg, where he was commended by his immediate commander A. A. Humphreys. In the fall of 1863 he was given command of a division in Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps. By the following May, Carr's original commission as brigadier had not been acted upon by the Senate in the session in which he was nominated and had expired on March 4, 1863. Reappointed on March 30, 1863, the Senate, for reasons not apparent in the records, refused as late as May, 1864, to confirm Carr as of the date of his first commission. Accordingly, he stood junior to his own brigade commanders and on May 2, U. S. Grant ordered Carr to report to General Benjamin F. Butler for assignment in the Army of the James. Carr commanded a division of Negro troops in that army and, for a time, the Union defenses on the York and James rivers. At the end of the war he was brevetted major general of volunteers and mustered out. He engaged in the manufacturing business in Troy, served as secretary of state for New York from 1879 to 1885, and in the latter year was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for lieutenant governor. General Carr died in Troy, on February 24, 1895, and was buried there.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.