Joseph Jackson Bartlett
Joseph Jackson Bartlett was born in Binghamton, New York, on November 21, 1834. Admitted to the state bar in 1858, he was practicing law at the outbreak of the Civil War. Bartlett enlisted upon the first call for troops and at Elmira on May 21, 1861, was elected captain of one of the companies organized into the 27th New York Volunteers (infantry). When the regiment chose its field officers, Henry W. Slocum (later corps and army commander) was elected colonel and Bartlett, major. Following the promotion of Slocum and the resignation of the lieutenant colonel, Bartlett became colonel on September 21, 1861, and was made a brigadier general of volunteers on October 4, 1862. Under a statute which required Senate confirmation during the current Congressional session, his first appointment as brigadier general expired on March 4, 1863; however, he was reappointed on March 30 and duly confirmed. Bartlett is believed to have participated in every battle fought by the Army of the Potomac from Manassas to Appomattox, except for the campaign of Second Manassas where the VI Corps was not engaged. Repeatedly commended by his superiors in reports, from the Union debacle at Bull Run to the surrender of Robert E. Lee's army, Bartlett progressed from the command of a regiment to that of a division, first in the VI Corps and subsequently in the V Corps. General Bartlett's characteristic aplomb was shaken during the Mine Run campaign in the autumn of 1863: Confederate horseman Jeb Stuart records that he sent a detail to capture Bartlett in his "exposed" camp at New Baltimore, Virginia, and that the latter "saved himself by precipitate flight in his nether garments." On the morning of April 12, 1865, Bartlett received the stacked arms of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House. He won the brevet of major general toward the close of the war, and in postbellum years served as United States minister to Sweden and deputy commissioner of pensions under President Grover Cleveland. He died in Baltimore on January 14, 1893, and was buried in Arlington.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.