Joseph Warren Revere

Joseph Warren Revere, grandson of Paul Revere, was born May 17, 1812, in Boston. He was named for one of his grandfather's dental patients, the patriot Dr. Joseph Warren who was killed at Bunker Hill. Revere entered the navy as a midshipman at the age of sixteen and during the next twenty-two years served all over the globe, receiving a promotion to lieutenant in 1841. After resigning from the navy in 1850 he lived for a time in California and subsequently served in the Mexican army as a colonel, charged with organizing the artillery arm. From 1852 until 1861 he resided in Morristown, New Jersey, when not traveling abroad. First volunteering for the navy, Revere finally entered the Federal service as colonel of the 7th New Jersey Infantry on September 19, 1861.  During the Peninsular campaign this regiment was in Hooker's division of Heintzelman's III Corps; however, Revere himself seems to have been present only during he Seven Days battles, when the brigade was directed by Joseph B. Carr. Commissioned brigadier general on October 25, 1862, he commanded the 3rd Brigade of Sickles' division of the III Corps at Fredericksburg, losing only one killed and one wounded. The battle of Chancellorsville, however, was Revere's Waterloo. After Howard's XI Corps had been overrun by Stonewall Jackson's celebrated flank march to the Union right, Berry's division of the III Corps was hurried forward to retrieve disaster. But Berry was mortally wounded; so the command devolved upon the senior brigadier Revere, who, instead of throwing everything he had at the onrushing Confederates, marched that portion of his command within reach to the rear "for the purpose of reorganizing and bringing them back to the field comparatively fresh." This solicitude earned for him a court-martial and dismissal from the service—a sentence which was mitigated by the President who permitted the unfortunate commander to resign, effective August 10, 1863. In his remaining seventeen years of life, General Revere, although suffering from declining health, traveled extensively abroad and wrote a couple of memoirs. He died in Hoboken, New Jersey, April 20, 1880, and was buried in Morristown.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.