Kenner Garrard

KENNER GARRARD, brother of Jeptha Garrard, was born September 21,1827, in Bourbon County, Kentucky, while his mother was visiting relatives there. He attended Harvard but left in his sophomore year for West Point graduating eighth in his class in 1851. He served in the regular army, and was stationed in Texas when the war broke out. Making known his loyalty to the Union cause, he was imprisoned by the Confederates, but was exchanged on August 27,1862. He was appointed colonel of the 146th New York and took part as brigadier general in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. Transferred to the West he took part in Sherman's Atlanta campaign as a division commander and participated in the battle of Nashville. He remained in the regular army for a time after the war ended, but resigned on November 9,1866. Upon his return to Cincinnati he devoted the rest of his life to civic affairs and historical studies. He died May 15,1879, in Cincinnati at age fifty-one.

Kenner Garrard, a cousin of General Theophilus T. Garrard, was born at Fairfield, the home of his paternal grandfather in Bourbon County, Kentucky, while his mother was on a visit from the family home in Cincinnati. The best evidence is that the date was September 30, 1827, although there are conflicting statements.

He attended Harvard for a time but left in his sophomore year to enter West Point, from which he was graduated eighth in the class of 1851. As a lieutenant of cavalry he saw service in the southwest and on the day of the bombardment of Sumter was captured at San Antonio by insurgent Texans not yet affiliated with the Confederacy. On parole until officially exchanged August 27, 1862, he was appointed colonel of the 146th New York the following month and took a gallant part in command of his regiment in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, where he succeeded to command of Stephen H. Weed's brigade of the V Corps after the death of the latter on Round Top. On July 23, 1863, Garrard was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. In the fall of that year he commanded the brigade in the actions on the Rappahannock line; was briefly in command of the cavalry bureau at Washington; and in February, 1864, was given command of the 2nd Cavalry Division of the Army of the Cumberland, with which he operated during the campaign of Atlanta under General W. T. Sherman. In December, 1864, General Garrard was assigned once again to infantry, and was given a division of the XVI Corps which, as a detachment from the Army of the Tennessee under the command of General A. J. Smith, distinguished itself at the battle of Nashville. Here Garrard received the brevet of major general of volunteers "for conspicuous gallantry." Toward the close of the war he took an important part in the capture of Mobile and on March 13, 1865, was brevetted brigadier and major general in the Regular Army. After serving for a time in command of the District of Mobile, he resigned his commission on November 9, 1866. Thereafter he devoted himself to his interests in Cincinnati and to the civic affairs of that city. He died on May 15, 1879, and was buried in Spring Grove Cemetery.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.