Lewis Addison Grant
Medal of Honor Citation
Organization: 5th Vermont Infantry
Entered Service: Bellow Falls, Vt.
Birth: 17 January 1828, Winhall, Vt.
Date Medal Issued: 11 May 1893.
Date of Action: 3 May 1864.
Place of Action: Salem Heights, Va.
Personal gallantry and intrepidity displayed in the management of his brigade and in leading it in the assault in which he was wounded.
(Note: In my opinion, he shouldn't have gotten the MOH for only being wounded. Any man in his unit that got either killed or wounded should have also gotten the MOH. Only a General would have gotten this award this way).
Lewis Addison Grant was born in Winhall, Vermont, in Bennington County, on January 17, 1828. He received his education in his native state, taught school for several years in New Jersey and Massachusetts, studied law, and was admitted to the Windsor County (Vermont) bar in 1855. In the years before the war he practiced law in Bellows Falls with marked success. In August, 1861, Grant was commissioned major of the 5th Vermont, a regiment which became part of the illustrious "Vermont Brigade." At the battle of Savage's Station in the Peninsular campaign, during which Grant was lieutenant colonel, the regiment is claimed "to have suffered the heaviest loss in killed and wounded of any one regiment in a single action." At the battle of Fredericksburg in December, 1862, Grant, now a colonel in command of the Vermont Brigade, was wounded. The following May, during the campaign of Chancellorsville, he led his command against the Confederate defenses on Salem Heights and captured three regimental flags. (Thirty years later he was awarded the Congressional medal for this feat.) Having taken permanent command of the "Old Vermont Brigade" in February, 1863, he stayed with it until almost the close of the war. The command was actively engaged in most actions of the Army of the Potomac and in the Shenandoah Valley under Philip Sheridan. Grant distinguished himself at the battle of Cedar Creek, where Getty's division formed a line of battle upon which the routed Union forces were able to rally and from which position the victorious Federal assault of the afternoon was launched. He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers to rank from April 27, 1864, and brevetted major general to rank from the date of the battle. He was again wounded during the breakthrough of Robert E. Lee's lines at Petersburg on April 2, 1865. Declining a commission in the regular service, he moved after the war from Vermont to Chicago, then to Des Moines, and finally to Minneapolis. From 1890 to 1893 he was assistant Secretary of War. When he died in Minneapolis on March 20, 1918, there were only seven men living of the 583 who had been appointed full-rank generals from 1861 to 1865. General Grant was buried in Lakewood Cemetery, Minneapolis.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.