Robert Alexander Cameron

Robert Alexander Cameron was born in Brooklyn, New York, on February 22, 1828. His parents moved to Valparaiso, Indiana, in the early 1840's. Here young Cameron attended the public schools and Indiana Medical College. After his graduation in 1849, he studied at Rush Medical College in Chicago. Cameron seemingly lost his desire to be a doctor and in 1857 purchased the Valparaiso Republican, which he published for some years, in the meantime serving as a Lincoln delegate at the 1860 Republican convention in Chicago and a member of the Indiana house of representatives. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, Cameron entered the Union army as captain of the 9th Indiana (a three-month regiment), which saw service under George B. McClellan in western Virginia. Reenlisting for the war, Cameron was successively lieutenant colonel of the 19th Indiana, lieutenant colonel and colonel of the 34th Indiana, and brigadier general of volunteers from August 11, 1863. Meantime he had taken part in the operations against Island No. 10 and New Madrid, the capture of Memphis, and the siege of Vicksburg. He commanded a division of the XIII Corps in the Red River campaign of 1864 and briefly the corps itself. From then until the war's end he was in district command at Thibodaux, Louisiana, in the Department of the Gulf and was brevetted major general as of March 13, 1865. General Cameron soon resigned his commission and became interested in establishing farm colonies in the new state of Colorado. In 1870 he was instrumental in founding the city of Greeley and the following year was elected president of its board of trustees. However, he soon resigned in order to assume the su-perintendency of the colony which established Colorado Springs; later he took part in a luckless venture to establish Fort Collins, Colorado. After this he resided in San Francisco for a few years, then returned to Colorado and served as a postal clerk in Denver and warden of the state penitentiary at Canon City. He died on March 15, 1894, on a farm he had established near Canon City, and was buried there.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.