Robert Seaman Granger

Robert Seaman Granger was born in Zanesville, Ohio, on May 24, 1816. His mother's brother, Henry Stanbery, was a law partner of Senator Thomas Ewing and later was President Andrew Johnson's Attorney General. Granger was appointed to West Point in 1833 but did not graduate until 1838. Almost 50 per cent of his class attained the full rank of general officer in either the Union or Confederate armies; among them were P. G. T. Beauregard, Irvin McDowell, and W. J. Hardee. After his graduation from the Academy, Granger served in garrison at many points; in the Florida War (against the Seminoles); as an instructor at West Point; and in the War with Mexico, where he received regular promotion to captain, 1st Infantry. At the outbreak of the Civil War, while on duty in Texas, he was captured and paroled by the Confederates, but not exchanged for service in the field until August, 1862. He was promoted to major in the Regular Army in September, 1861, served on desk duty behind the lines for some months, was commissioned a brigadier of Kentucky volunteers soon after his release from parole, and in October, 1862, was appointed brigadier general of U. S. Volunteers. Granger's Civil War exploits were mainly confined to camp and garrison duty in Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Alabama, where he resisted the incursions of such Confederate worthies as John B. Hood, Joseph Wheeler, Nathan B. Forrest, and Philip D. Roddey—all of whom continuously plagued the Federal forces remaining in those areas after the principal theater of war had moved eastward to Chattanooga and Atlanta. During Hood's invasion of Tennessee, Granger was in command, successively, at Huntsville, Decatur, and Stevenson, Alabama. Brevetted major general in the regular service and promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 11th Infantry, General Granger discharged garrison duties at various points in Virginia and the South following the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia until he was appointed superintendent of General Recruiting Service in 1871. Two years later he was retired on his own application, as colonel, 21st Infantry. He died on April 25, 1894, in Washington, and was buried in Zanesville.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.