Samuel Sprigg Carroll
Samuel Sprigg Carroll was born on September 21, 1832, in Takoma Park near Washington, D. C, where his father was clerk of the Supreme Court. Carroll was graduated from West Point in 1856, ranking forty-fourth in a class of forty-nineónumber forty-five was the later famous Confederate cavalry commander Fitzhugh Lee. Routine frontier service was followed by a year of quartermaster duty at Carroll's alma mater. He was appointed colonel of the 8th Ohio Infantry in December, 1861, and the following spring commanded a brigade in James Shields's division during the celebrated Shenandoah Valley campaign and in James B. Ricketts' division of the III Corps in the battle of Cedar Mountain. Five days later Carroll was wounded while inspecting his pickets on the Rapidan but returned to duty for the battle of Fredericksburg. In the spring of 1863 he was transferred at his own request to the II Corps, a brigade of which he led at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg and in the Bristoe Station and Mine Run operations of that fall. Carroll was wounded again at the Wilderness on May 5, 1864, and temporarily disabled by yet another wound at Spotsylvania on the thirteenth, while temporarily in command of John Gibbon's division. Meanwhile, he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers to rank from May 12. Carroll was unable to return to duty until December, when he was assigned command of the Department of West Virginia. At the end of the war he commanded a provisional division of the embryo Army of the Shenandoah at Winchester. In 1868 and 1869 General Carroll served as acting assistant inspector general of the division of the Atlantic and on June 9, 1869, he vtfas retired as a major general, U. S. Army, for disability resulting from wounds received in battle. Thereafter, he made his home in Washington, and died in Montgomery County, Maryland, on January 28, 1893. He was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, Georgetown. His sister was the wife of General Charles Griffin.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.