Stephen Hinsdale Weed

Stephen Hinsdale Weed was born on November 17, 1831, in Potsdam, New York, but his family moved to New York City when he was young. He obtained his primary education in the city and in 1850 was appointed to West Point, where he was graduated in 1854. In the antebellum years, as an officer of artillery, he served on frontier duty, against the Florida Seminoles, in the Kansas disturbances, and in the 1858-61 expedition to Salt Lake City. He was promoted to captain of the 5th Artillery on May 14, 1861, and was stationed near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, during the following winter. He took part in the Peninsular campaign as commander of a battery, fought at Second Manassas as chief of artillery for Sykes's division of the V Corps, and during the Maryland campaign again in charge of his own battery. At Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, he commanded all the artillery of the V Corps and on June 6, 1863, was promoted from captain to brigadier general of volunteers and assigned to the direction of a brigade of infantry in Ayres's division of the corps. At Gettysburg, Weed and one of his regimental commanders, Patrick H. O'Rorke of the 140th New York, were as distinguished in saving the Union left on July 2 as were Strong Vincent and J. L. Chamberlain. After the right of Vincent's brigade on Little Round Top gave way, Weed's brigade, with O'Rorke's men in the lead, was thrown into the breach by G. K. Warren. The 140th New York charged the victorious Confederates with unloaded guns and unfixed bayonets, by sheer elan making them pause and draw back. Weed also got a battery of six three-inch rifles to the top of the hill by sheer muscle strength, for there was no road—not even a semblance of one. While directing their fire he was shot down, the bullet passing through his arm and into his chest. He died a few hours later and was buried in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp, Staten Island, New York.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.