Sullivan Amory Meredith

Sullivan Amory Meredith, a native of Philadelphia, was born on July 4, 1816. It is not certain where he obtained his education. As a young man he made two voyages to China in a clipper ship and in 1848 he made a trip to California. He was engaged in business in his native city at the outbreak of the Civil War. Seventeen days after the firing on Fort Sumter he was commissioned colonel of the 10th Pennsylvania Infantry (a militia organization), perhaps receiving the appointment through the influence of his elder brother, William M., who was a prominent Pennsylvania Whig politician and had served as Zachary Taylor's Secretary of the Treasury. In any event Meredith discharged his duties diligently and faithfully and is credited with having superintended the drilling and equipping of over thirty thousand men in the early days of the war. He subsequently took part in the ill-starred campaign under General Robert Patterson which permitted Joseph Johnston's forces to slip away and join P. G. T. Beauregard at First Manassas. After duty in the defenses of Washington during the winter of 1861, he organized the 56th Pennsylvania Infantry, became its colonel, and was assigned to McDowell's III Corps. While engaged at the battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run) in Doubleday's brigade of King's division, he was badly wounded and on November 29, 1862, was promoted brigadier general of volunteers. Upon his partial recovery in July, 1863, he was ordered to Fort Monroe as "agent for exchange of prisoners," but was relieved the following January by General Benjamin F. Butler, the department commander, and ordered to report to the adjutant general for orders.

In 1864 he was sent to St. Louis to report to General W. S. Rosecrans, who was then commanding the Department of the Missouri. He seems to have been put on the shelf for the balance of the war.  He was mustered out on August 24, 1865, and resided in St. Louis for one year, where he held the office of commissioner of exchanged prisoners. In 1866 he moved to Buffalo, New York, and entered the wholesale drug business with his brother-in-law. General Meredith died in Buffalo on December 26, 1874, and was buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.