Theophilus Toulmin Garrard

Theophilus Toulmin Garrard was born on June 7, 1812, at the Union Salt Works (then the Goose Creek Salt Works) near Manchester, Kentucky, in the same house in which he died almost ninety years later. He spent his childhood there, represented Clay County four different times from 1843 to 1860 in the state legislature, and was a captain of the 16th Infantry Kentucky Volunteers during the Mexican War. On September 22, 1861, he was appointed colonel of the 7 th Kentucky (Union) Infantry and the following month was present at the battle of Wild Cat Mountain (Rockcastle Hills) in Laurel County, the first engagement between Union and Confederate troops on Kentucky soil. In August, 1862, he was present at the battle of Richmond, directing a detachment of the 7th and 32nd Kentucky and 3rd (Union) Tennessee. During the East Tennessee raid of that winter he was attached to the staff of General Samuel P. Carter; he commanded a brigade in McClernand's XIII Corps at Grand Gulf, Port Gibson, and Baker's Creek. Immediately after this last battle and just before the investment of Vicksburg proper, Garrard, who had been promoted to brigadier general to rank from November 29, 1862, was ordered to report to General Benjamin M. Prentiss at Helena, Arkansas. He was then in command successively of a detachment at Somerset, Kentucky; of the District of Somerset, which embraced four other nearby towns; and in January, 1864, at Cumberland Gap, of a mixed brigade of infantry and cavalry composing the District of the Clinch. General Garrard, for reasons not made apparent in the records was honorably mustered out of the service on April 4, 1864, although there is a reference to his being still on duty as late as the twelfth of that month. He spent his remaining forty years uneventfully in his old homestead in Clay County, farming and operating the salt works he owned. Death came to him on March 15, 1902, and he was buried in the cemetery at Garrard, Kentucky, a hamlet two miles south of Manchester. He was a first cousin of General Kenner Garrard's father.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.