Thomas Lowry Young

THOMAS LOWRY YOUNG was born December 14, 1832, in Killyleagh, County Down, Ireland. He came to the United States with his parents at age twelve and was educated in the public schools of New York City. In 1848, when he was sixteen, he enlisted in the United States Army as a private and served for ten years, advancing through the ranks to become a first sergeant. He left the army in 1858 and came to Cincinnati where he became assistant superintendent of the House of Refuge Reform School. When the Civil War began he offered his services to General Winfield Scott, but General Scott, believing that the war would not last long, declined Young's aid. Young then went to Missouri where he became captain of a company of Missouri volunteers who served as General John C. Fremont's bodyguard. When Fremont's bodyguard was dissolved, Thomas L. Young returned to Sidney, Ohio, to become editor of a Democratic newspaper. Finally, on September 17, 1862, he secured a commission as major in the newly-formed 118th Ohio Volunteers. He was on detached duty for some time, serving as provost marshal in different areas of Kentucky. On April 17, 1863, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the regiment and took part in General A. E. Burnside's campaign and capture of Knoxville, Tennessee. Young was promoted to colonel on April 11, 1864, and his regiment became part of General Sherman's army. He saw his first real action in the battle of Resaca, Georgia, and served until the capture of Atlanta. Because of ill health he was forced to resign on September 14, 1864. He was named a brevet brigadier general of volunteers for meritorious service on March 13, 1865.

General Young, then thirty-two, returned to Cincinnati to study law. He was admitted to the bar, served as assistant city auditor of Cincinnati, and in the fall of 1865 was elected a member of the Ohio House of Representatives. In 1867 he was elected recorder of Hamilton County. The following year he was appointed supervisor of internal revenue for the southern district of Ohio, but found himself in disagreement with the policies of President Andrew Johnson and therefore resigned. He then devoted himself to real estate activities, but returned to politics in 1871 and was elected to the Ohio Senate. After his term of office was over, he decided not to run again but to devote himself to his law practice. However, in 1875 he again returned to politics as a successful candidate for lieutenant-governor of Ohio. The following year Ohio Governor Rutherford B. Hayes was elected the nineteenth President of the United States, and Thomas L. Young succeeded him as the thirty-third governor of Ohio. He did not seek re-election as governor, but became a member of the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses of the United States, serving from 1879 to 1883. He was unsuccessful in his bid for a third term and again withdrew from political life to resume his law practice in Cincinnati. Thomas Lowry Young, former Irish immigrant, private in the army, Civil War general, state representative and senator, governor of Ohio, and United States congressman, died on July 20, 1888, in Cincinnati at age fifty-five.

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