William Farquhar Barry

William Farquhar Barry was born in New York City on August 18, 1818. Prior to his admission to West Point, he had received private tutoring in the classics. Graduated from the Military Academy in 1838, he served on the Canadian border for some years and then in Mexico, ultimately as aide-de-camp to General W. J. Worth. Barry was promoted to captain, 2nd Artillery, in 1852, fought the Seminoles in Florida, and helped pacify the warring factions in Kansas. Serving first in the defense of Fort Pickens, Florida, Barry acted as chief of artillery to Irvin McDowell at First Manassas, and subsequently to George B. McClellan in organizing and implementing the ordnance of the Army of the Potomac. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on August 20, 1861, and took an active part in the Peninsular campaign the following spring. Transferred to Washington as chief of artillery of the huge defense system which encircled the city, he concurrently served on a number of important boards of ordnance. In 1864 he was assigned as chief of artillery on the staff of General W. T. Sherman, commanding the Military Division of the Mississippi. He participated in all the actions of the Atlanta campaign, in the subsequent North Georgia campaign, and in the campaign of the Carolinas which terminated with the surrender of the Confederate forces under General Joseph E. Johnston. Barry received all the brevet promotions in both the volunteers and the Regular Army up to and including the grade of major general. He was promoted to colonel, 2nd Artillery, on December 11, 1865. Until his death at Fort McHenry in Baltimore on July 18, 1879, General Barry served in command of the northern frontier during the Fenian disturbances, and then at various artillery posts. He was buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York, his wife's hometown. Jointly with General J. G. Barnard, Barry wrote a history of the engineer and artillery operations of the Army of the Potomac through the Peninsular campaign.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.