William Grose, whose father and grandfathers fought the British in two wars, was born on December 16, 1812, near Dayton, Ohio. His father made two moves during his boyhood, first to Fayette County, Indiana, and later to Henry County. Young Grose studied law while working as a farm laborer, was admitted to the bar, and began practice in New Castle, his home for the rest of a long life. Grose ran for Congress unsuccessfully as a Democrat in 1852 and four years later was a delegate to the first Republican National Convention. A few months after being elected common pleas judge, he was appointed on October 23, 1861, colonel of the 36th Indiana Infantry, the only regiment of Don Carlos Buell's army to participate in the first day's fighting at the bloody battle of Shiloh. The month following his appointment Grose was assigned to command the brigade which had been Jacob Am-men's. He participated in all the operations of the Army of the Cumberland, in the Kentucky campaign, at Vicksburg, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga, and in the interminable series of skirmishes, fights, and maneuvers which made up the advance of W. T. Sherman's forces from Dalton to Atlanta. He was commissioned brigadier general to rank from July 30, 1864, while under fire in front of Atlanta. Subsequently, he accompanied General G. H. Thomas back to Tennessee and in the rout of John B. Hood's Confederate forces at Franklin and Nashville commanded a brigade in Nathan Kimball's division of Thomas J. Wood's IV Corps. Grose was brevetted major general to rank from August 13, 1865, while he was serving as president of a court-martial in Nashville. He resigned his commission on January 31, 1866, to return to civilian life, and later that year President Johnson named him collector of internal revenue for his area, a post he occupied until 1874. Thereafter, he served on a state commission to build mental hospitals. In 1887 he was elected to the Indiana senate. Four years later he published a regimental history of the 36th Indiana. On July 30, 1900, General Grose died at his home in New Castle and was buried in South Mound Cemetery.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.