William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks was born in Lisbon (then New Lisbon), Ohio, on January 28, 1821. He obtained an appointment to West Point at sixteen and was graduated forty-sixth of fifty-two members in the class of 1841—a class which contributed twenty general officers to the Union and Confederate armies. Posted to the 3rd Infantry, Brooks took part in the Florida War of 1842-43, performed garrison duty at various points, and won the brevets of captain and major for gallant and meritorious conduct in the war with Mexico. Until the beginning of the Civil War, he served as aide to General David E. Twiggs and on frontier Indian duty; he was made a captain in 1851. Appointed a brigadier general of volunteers on September 28, 1861, Brooks took part the following spring in the Peninsular campaign. He commanded a brigade of W. F. Smith's division in the IV Corps at Williamsburg, and in the VI Corps during the Seven Days battles, when he was wounded at Savage's Station. He later fought at Cramp-ton's Gap and at Sharpsburg, where he was again wounded. Brooks was advanced to the command of a VI Corps division, which he directed at the battle of Fredericksburg and in the campaign of Chancellorsville. From May, 1863, until April, 1864, he commanded the Department of Monongahela, with headquarters at Pittsburgh, after which he directed the 1st Division of the XVIII Corps and then a division of the X Corps in the operations at Cold Harbor and around Petersburg. He was promoted to major general on June 10, 1863, but the promotion was revoked on April 6, 1864. Brooks's poor health, which had necessitated numerous sick leaves during his army career, became worse. He resigned as volunteer brigadier general and as major of the 18th Infantry on July 14, 1864, to take up residence on a farm near Huntsville, Alabama. There, Brooks was treated with esteem and affection by his Southern neighbors. He died on July 19, 1870, and was buried in Maple Hill Cemetery, Huntsville, in a grave marked with a Confederate emblem secured in concrete.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.