Wladimir Krzyzanowski

Wladimir Krzyzanowski was born July 8, 1824, in the Prussian Polish city of Raznova. Like myriads who took part in the revolutions which swept Europe in the 1840's, he was forced to emigrate and came to the United States in 1846, becoming a civil engineer in New York. In 1861 he was instrumental in recruiting a regiment of Germans and Poles which was mustered into service as the 58th New York Volunteers. After duty at Washington the regiment fought under John C. Fremont at the battle of Cross Keys against Stonewall Jackson and in the campaign of Second Manassas in Schurz's division of Sigel's I (later XI) Corps, where "Kriz," as he was known in the army, commanded a brigade. The command was not engaged at Sharpsburg or Fredericksburg, but in May, 1863, at Chancellorsville, shared in the disaster which befell Joseph Hooker's right when it was overwhelmed by Jackson's famous flank march. On November 29, 1862, Krzyzanowski had been appointed a brigadier general, but the Senate failed to act on the appointment and it expired by law on March 4, 1863. The XI Corps was again badly mauled at Gettysburg, and in the fall of 1863 was sent west with the XII Corps under the command of Hooker. Krzyzanowski's brigade took part in the battle of Chattanooga and subsequently became part of the 4th Division of the XX Corps. Its commander, however, was detached during the Atlanta campaign to command the post of Bridgeport, Alabama, vital railroad crossing of the Tennessee River. He continued in the defense of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad and was in command of the post at Stevenson, Alabama at the end of hostilities. He was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers on March 2, 1865, and honorably mustered out of service on October 1. General Krzyzanowski was then given a succession of minor appointments in California, Alaska, and South America by the Federal government. He was appointed special agent of the Treasury Department in the New York custom house in 1883, an office which he held until his death, January 31, 1887. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.