Field & Staff/NCO Staff/Regimental Band---Unassigned
The Second Regiment of Iowa Cavalry was
organized under the proclamation of President Lincoln, dated July 23, 1861. The
twelve companies composing the regiment were ordered into quarters by Governor
Kirkwood, between the dates July 20 and Sept. 4, 1861. Davenport was the
designated rendezvous, and there the different companies were mustered into the
service of the United States by Captain Alexander Chambers, United States Army,
on dates ranging from August 30 to September 28, 1861. The total number of
enlisted men and officers of the regiment at the date of muster in of the last
company was 1,001, but this number was considerably increased by additional
enlistments before the regiment left the State.
The regiment was fortunate in having for its first commander a graduate of West Point, who, at the time he received his commission from Governor Kirkwood, was a Major in the Third Regiment of United States Cavalry, with a record of fifteen years of honorable service in the Regular Army. While he was a strict disciplinarian, he was also just and fair in the enforcement of discipline and in his treatment of the officers and men under his command, and thus secured their confidence and respect. He was a superior military instructor, and his regiment rapidly acquired the rudiments of a military education so necessary for the work which was before them, and the practical experience which soon followedóunder the command of this thoroughly trained officerówas of more value than a longer period of drill and instruction in camp would have been. The other field officers were very capable men and soon demonstrated their fitness for the discharge of their respective duties. They were without military training and experience, but possessed of superior intelligence, and soon became proficient in the knowledge of tactics and the handling of men in action. This was particularly true of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Hatch, who was possessed of the true military spirit in such large degree that he was from the first conspicuous for his superior ability, and was held in the highest esteem by Colonel Elliott and by all the officers and men of the regiment.
Reference: Roster & Record of Iowa
Soldiers of the War of the Rebellion. Together with historical sketches of
volunteer organizations 1861-1866.
Vol. IV---1st-9th Regiments Cavalry and two independent companies--Cavalry. Published by authority of the General Assembly, under the direction of Brig. Gen. Guy E. Logan, Adjutant General.
Des Moines-Emory K. English, State Printer. E. D. Chassell, State Binder. 1910
Organized at Davenport August and September, 1861. Left State for Benton Barracks, Mo., December 7, 1861, and duty there until February, 1862. Attached to Dept. of Missouri December, 1861, to March, 1862. Unassigned, Army of the Mississippi, to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Mississippi, to June, 1862. Cavalry, 5th Division, Army of Mississippi, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of Mississippi, to November, 1862. Grierson's Cavalry Brigade, Left Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, to March, 1863. (District of Memphis, Tenn., 16th Corps, January to March, 1863--6 Companies.) 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, to August, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Corps, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, District of West Tennessee, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to June, 1865. Dept. of Mississippi to September, 1865.
SERVICE.--Moved to Bird's Point, Mo., February 17, 1862. Expedition against Thompson's forces February 25-29. Moved to New Madrid, Mo., March 4. Actions at New Madrid March 13-14. Operations against Island No. 10 March 16-April 8. Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn., April 12-17. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., April 17-22. Action at Birmingham April 24. Monterey April 28-29. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Reconnaissance to Memphis & Charleston Railroad April 30. Glendale May 8. Farmington May 9. Near Farmington May 12. Reconnaissance to Memphis & Charleston Railroad May 13-15. Expedition to Booneville May 28-30. Booneville May 29. Occupation of Corinth and pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 12. Tuscumbia Creek May 31-June 1. Blackland June 4. Reconnaissance toward Baldwyn June 6. Reconnaissance to Guntown, Baldwyn, etc., June 9-10. Booneville July 1. Brown Springs July 21. At Rienzi until September. Rienzi August 26. Payton's Mills September 19. Iuka September 19-20. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Capture of Ripley and Orizaba November 2. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November, 1862, to January, 1863. Warsham's Creek November 6, 1862. LaGrange November 8-9. Coldwater November 8. Hudsonville November 9. Reconnaissance to Holly Springs November 12-14. Holly Springs November 13-14. Expedition to Ripley November 19-20. Ripley November 20. Waterford or Lumpkin's Mill November 29-30. Tallahatchie River November 30. About Oxford December 1-3. Yocana River and Spring Dale Bridge December 3. Water Valley December 4. Coffeeville December 5. Expedition against Mobile & Ohio Railroad December 14-19. Ripley December 23-25. Prairie Station February 21, 1863. Davis Mills March 14 (Detachment). Expedition to Mt. Pleasant, Miss., April 5-7. Grierson's Raid from LaGrange to Baton Rouge, La., April 17-May 2 (Detachment). Pontototoc, Miss., April 19. Pale Alto and Okolona April 21-22. Birmingham, Miss., April 24 (Detachment). Scout from LaGrange into Northern Mississippi April 29-May 5. Expedition from LaGrange to Panola, Miss., May 11-15. Walnut Hill and Pigeon Roost May 15. Tuskahoma May 15. Expedition from LaGrange to Senatobia, Miss., May 21-26. Senatobia May 23. Hernando May 28. Operations in West Mississippi June 15-22. Near Holly Springs June 16-17. Coldwater Bridge June 18 (Detachment). Matthews Ferry, Coldwater River, June 20 (Detachment). Jackson July 13. La-Grange July 16. Expedition from Memphis to Grenada, Miss., August 14-23. Grenada August 14. Expedition from Memphis to Hernando, Miss., October 10-11 (4 Cos.). Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad November 3-5. Colliersville, Tenn., and Coldwater, Miss., November 3. Moscow November 5. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad against Lee's attack November 28-December 10. Salisbury December 3. Wolf Bridge, near Moscow, December 3-4. Pursuit of Forrest December 22-30. Colliersville, Tenn., December 27-28. At Memphis until February 5, 1864. Smith's Raid from Colliersville to Okolona, Miss., February 11-26. Wall Hill February 12. West Point, Miss., February 20-21. Okolona February 21. Ellis Bridge February 21. Ivy's Hill, near Okolona, February 22. Veterans on furlough April-May. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-21. Near Ripley July 7. Camargo's Cross Roads, near Harrisburg, July 13. Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town Creek July 15. Smith's Expedition to Oxford, Miss., August 1-30. Tallahatchie River August 7-9. Hurricane Creek and Oxford August 9. Hurricane Creek August 13-14 and 19. Oxford August 19. Operations in Tennessee and Alabama against Hood, and Nashville Campaign October to January, 1865. Eastport, Miss., October 10, 1864 (Detachment). Near Hernando October 11 (Detachment). Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Shoal Creek November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Butler Creek November 22. Campbellsville and Lynnville November 24. In front of Columbia November 24-27. Lawrenceburg November 27. Mt. Carmel November 29. Battles of Franklin November 30; Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood December 17-29. West Harpeth River December 17. Spring Hill December 18. Rutherford Creek and Curtis Creek December 19. Lawrenceburg December 22. Lynnville and Richland Creek December 24. Richland Creek December 25. King's Gap, near Pulaski, December 25. Egypt Station, Miss., December 28 (Co. "E"). Tuscumbia February 20, 1865. Duty at Huntsville and Florence, Ala., Eastport, Miss., and Gravelly springs, Ala., until June, 1865. Expedition to Russellsville, Ala., February 19-23, 1865, and in the Dept. of Mississippi until September. Mustered out September 19, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 59 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 8 Officers and 207 Enlisted men by disease. Total 269.