2nd Regiment Infantry

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Organized at Keokuk and mustered in May 27, 1861. Left State for Northern Missouri June 13. Attached to Dept. of Missouri, to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, District of Cairo, October, 1861. District of St. Louis, Mo., Dept. Missouri, to February, 1862. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District Corinth, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District Corinth, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.---Guarding railroad with headquarters at St. Joseph, Mo., until July 26, 1861. At Bird Point, Mo., until August 14. At Ironton, Pilot Knob, until August 27. At Jackson, Mo., until September 8. At Fort Jefferson, Ky., until September 23, and at Bird's Point until October 2. Expedition to Charleston October 2-12. At St. Louis, Mo., until February 10, 1862. Moved to Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 10-14. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson February 14-16. Duty at Fort Donelson until March 5. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 5-17. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Duty at Corinth until September. March to Iuka September 18-22. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Ruckerville October 5-12. Duty at Corinth until April, 1863. Skirmish at Little Brier Creek November 28, 1862. Expedition to intercept Forest December 9-14. Little Briar Creek December 12. Dodge's Expedition to intercept Forest December 18, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Expedition to Hamburg January 26, 1863, and to Jacinto February 25-27. Dodge's Expedition into Northern Alabama April 15-May 2. Bear Creek April 16-17. Tuscumbia April 23-24. Town Creek April 27-28. Duty at Corinth until August, and at LaGrange until November 1. March to Pulaski, Tenn., November 1-11. Duty there and along Nashville & Decatur Railroad, and at Decatur until May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Movements on Resaca May 5-13. Snake Creek Gap May 10-12. Battle Resaca May 14-15. Ley's Ferry, Oostenaula River, May 15. Rome Cross Roads May 16. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Nickajack Creek July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Decatur July 19. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Skirmish on picket line August 4. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Action Flint River Station August 30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Moved to Rome September 26, and duty there until November 10. Reconnaissance and skirmishes on Cave Springs Road October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Little Ogeechee River December 4. Jenks' Station December 7. Siege of Savannah December 10-11. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865, Sister's Ferry, Savannah River, January 31-February 5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Lynch's Creek February 26. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.. April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out July 12 and discharged at Davenport, Iowa, July 20, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 108 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 159 Enlisted men by disease. Total 283.

This regiment was mustered into the United States service at Keokuk for the term of three years, on the 27th and 28th of May, 1861. It was in response to the President's call of May 3d for 300,000 men. Samuel R. Curtis was elected colonel, James M. Tuttle, lieutenant colonel, and M. M. Crocker, major. The regiment left for Missouri June 13th. Headquarters were at St. Joseph. It remained to guard the railroad eastward and keep the country in order till the latter part of July. It was then ordered to Bird's Point for similar duty m Kentucky and Missouri. There was an immense sick list. In the latter part of October it returned to St. Louis, with only 400 men fit for duty. Its colonel, Samuel R. Curtis, became brigadier general, and Lt.-Col. James M. Tuttle succeeded in command. Maj. M. M. Crocker first became lieutenant colonel, and then was commissioned colonel of the Thirteenth Iowa. Following this promotion, Capt. James Baker of Company G became lieutenant colonel. Adjt. Chipman became major, and was succeeded in the adjutantcy by Lieut. T. J. McKenny. During the winter the regiment was in St. Louis. For an offense in discipline on the part of the guard then in charge of a public building, the entire regiment was ordered to march to the steamer on its way to join Grant at Fort Donelson, Tenn., without music and with colors furled. It arrived at Donelson February 14th, and was placed in Gen. C. F. Smith's division. On the 15th, in Lauman's brigade, it charged the works and covered itself with glory. Gen. Halleck named the Second Iowa "the bravest of the brave."

The regiment remained nearly a month at Donelson, then embarked for Pittsburg Landing, where, on Sunday morning, April 6th, it was suddenly called to take conspicuous part in the battle of Shiloh, which continued two days. Col Tuttle was in command of a brigade. Lt.-Col. Baker led the regiment.

The Second joined in Halleck's Corinth campaign which followed. It was in pursuit of Beauregard after his evacuation of Corinth, and it was then in camp near that place. It was marched to luka, but did not take part in the battle of Sept. 19, '62. Col. Tuttle being promoted brigadier general, Lt.-Col. Baker became colonel, Capt. N. W. Mills of Company D, lieutenant colonel, Lieut. James B. Weaver of Company G, major, and Lieut. Geo. L. Godfrey, adjutant. The latter succeeded Adjt. Tuttle, who had died of disease.

On the 3d and 4th of October, 1862, the regiment took a brave part in the battle of Corinth, and suffered severely. Its brigade lost one-third of the number engaged.  Col. Baker was mortally wounded on the 3d, and his successor in command, Col. Mills, on the 4th. The regiment now encamped near Corinth. There were a number of marches after raiders, and on Nov. 28th, 1862, and in April. 1863, engagements with the enemy at Little Bear Creek and Town Creek, Ala., Col. James B. Weaver being in command. In the summer of 1863, the regiment moved to Lagrange, Tenn., and in the last of October to Pulaski, where it went into winter quarters. In the year following Corinth, under Gen. G. M. Dodge, it kept open communication between Middle and West Tennessee, preventing raids while Grant was operating around Vicksburg. Col. James B. Weaver had succeeded Col. Mills, Capt. Henry R. Cowles of Company H had become lieutenant colonel, and Capt. N. B. Howard of Company I, major.

At Pulaski, the time of enlistment having expired, the Second became by re-enlistment a veteran regiment. The non -veterans were mustered out.

From Pulaski on April 29, 1864, the regiment began its march to take part in the campaign of Atlanta. It was in Gen. Elliott W. Rice's brigade, attached to the Sixteenth corps, commanded by Gen. G. M. Dodge. The regiment began skirmishing with the enemy May 9th, just after passing Snake Creek Gap in Georgia. On the 15th, it crossed the Oostanaula at Lay's Ferry, where Gen. Rice turned the enemy's position, causing him to evacuate Resaca the next morning. At Rome Cross Roads. May 16th, the regiment was deployed as skirmishers. At Dallas, Georgia, commanded by Lt.-Col. N. B. Howard, it assisted, on May 27th, in establishing and intrenching our most advanced line, with severe skirmishing. On the 28th it participated in the defense of that position, when furiously assaulted by the enemy. On the 29th, it assisted in the defense during a sharp night attack.

From June 10th to 30th, 1864, it took part in the siege of Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia. At Nick-a-jack Creek, July 4th, in the line of skirmishers of the Sixteenth corps, it became engaged in the afternoon and evening.

On the 22d of July, it engaged in the battle of Atlanta, which is described in chapter 25, and took part in the siege. August 4th, led by Maj. Hamill, the regiment had a heavy skirmish. Till near the end of the month it was then in the trenches. August 30th, the army marched on Jonesboro. On the 31st, while supporting Kilpatrick's cavalry, it encountered the enemy and repulsed him. Maj. Hamill commanded and was among the wounded. During the whole of the Atlanta campaign, the Second Iowa lost, in killed and wounded, 55. It captured 25 prisoners, one stand of colors, and 196 stand of small arms. Among its wounded were Lt.-Col. N. B. Howard, Maj. M. G. Hamill and Adjt. Voltaire P. Twombly ; Lieut. Thomas K. Raush was killed. The regiment had now only six companies, and with these were consolidated three companies remaining of the Third Iowa; Lt.-Col. Howard became colonel.

The regiment now belonged to the Fourth division commanded by Gen. John M. Corse of the Fifteenth corps. It started, November 16th, on the "March to the Sea." At Eden Station, Georgia, December 7th, the regiment, under Col. Howard, was the first thrown across the great Ogechee on the pontoons laid for the passage of the Army of the Tennessee. After skirmishing along a causeway for a mile, it formed in line, assaulted a barricade, drove there from a battalion of the enemy and occupied the station. Two were killed and 2 wounded.

December 10th to 20th, the regiment took part in the operations against the enemy's position along the Little Ogechee River. December 21, 1864, it entered Savannah with the army. January 28, 1865, it began the difficult march northward. February 15th and 16th it participated in the operations which resulted in the capture of Columbia. February 26th, at Lynch's Creek, South Carolina, the regiment being in advance of the division and corps, forded the stream three-quarters of a mile in width, and encountered the enemy's cavalry before completing the crossing. Lively skirmishing followed for three hours, when the enemy retreated. At Bentonsville, North Carolina, the regiment was in reserve.

The Second then marched with the army by Goldsboro, Raleigh, Petersburg and Richmond to Washington, where it participated in the grand review. Shortly afterward it moved to Louisville, where in midsummer it it was mustered out with the Army of the Tennessee, It returned to Davenport, being welcomed publicly by Congressman Hiram Price. A brief history of the Iowa Second was furnished the adjutant general by Col. N. B. Howard.

No regiment could have a more glorious record, and none produced so many distinguished men. Maj.-Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, Brig.-Gen. James M. Tuttle, and brevet Maj. -Gen. Marcellus M. Crocker, went first out in this regiment. The first adjutant, Norton P. Chipman, also rose to distinction during the war, as Chief of staff to Gen. Curtis, with the rank of colonel in the regular army. He was Judge Advocate in the court which tried Wirz of Andersonville. Col. Jas. B. Weaver was brevetted brigadier general.

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Reference: Iowa in War Times, by, S. H. M. Byers.  1888.  W. D. Condit & Co. Des Moines.