4th Regiment Infantry










Field & Staff/NCO Staff/Regimental Band

Organized at Council Bluffs and mustered in August 8, 1861. Moved to St. Louis, thence to Rolla, Mo., August 9-24. Attached to Dept. of Missouri, to December, 1861. 1st Brigade, Army of Southwest Missouri, to February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Army Southwest Missouri, to May, 1862. 2nd Division, Army Southwest Missouri, to July, 1862. District of Eastern Arkansas, Dept. Missouri, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District Eastern Arkansas, to December, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 11th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. Tennessee, to December, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Army Corps, Army Tennessee, to September, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Corps, to July, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty at Rolla, Mo., August 24, 1861, to January 22, 1862. Expedition to Houston and Salem against Freeman's forces November 1-9, 1861. March from Rolla to Lebanon January 22-31, 1862. Advance on Springfield, Mo., February 10-13. Near Springfield February 12. Pursuit of Price to Cassville February 13-17. Cane Creek February 14. Sugar Creek February 17. Blackburn's Mills February 27. Battles of Pea Ridge March 6-8. March to Batesville April 5-May 3, thence to Helena, Ark., May 25-July 14. Expedition from Helena to Arkansas Post November 16-21. Duty at Helena until December 22. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 22, 1862, to January 2, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluffs December 29. (By command of Gen. Grant, Regiment authorized to inscribe upon its banners "1st at Chickasaw Bayou.") Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault on and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17-23, and duty there until April. Expedition to Greenville, Black Bayou and Deer Creek April 5-14. Black Bayou April 10. Demonstration on Haines and Droumgould's Bluffs April 25-May 2. Snyder's Bluff April 30. March to Join army in rear of Vicksburg, Miss., via Richmond and Grand Gulf, May 2-14. Jackson May 14. Siege of Vicksburg May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson July 5-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. At Big Black until September 22. Moved to Memphis, thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 22-November 22. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Cherokee Station October 21 and 29. Cane Creek October 26. Tuscumbia October 26-27. Battles of Chattanooga November 23-27. Lookout Mountain November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ringgold Gap, Taylor's Ridge, November 27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Duty at Woodville and other points in Alabama until May, 1864. Claysville, Ala., March 14 (Non-Veterans). Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 1-26. Snake Creek Gap October 15. Ships Gap October 16. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Griswoldsville November 22. Ogeechee River December 7-9. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnaissance to Salkehatchie River, S.C., January 25. Salkehatchie Swamps, S.C., February 3-5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Lynch's Creek February 25-26. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and duty there until July. Mustered out July 24, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 109 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 285 Enlisted men by disease. Total 402.

     This regiment was mustered into the service at Camp Kirkwood, Council Bluffs, August 8, 1861, with Grenville M. Dodge as colonel.  John Galligan was lieutenant colonel, and Wm. R. English major. August 9th the regiment embarked for St. Louis.  A detachment from the various companies, under Col. dodge, had previously made a march to the southern border of Iowa to repel a threatened rebel invasion.  August 24th the regiment went into camp at Rolla, Missouri.  Gen Curtis took charge,  December 27th, of the "Army of the Southwest," concentrating there.  January 23, 1862, the force marched toward Springfield.  During this march and the campaign ending in the battle of Pea Ridge, Col. Dodge led the brigade of which the Fourth formed a part, and Lt. Col. Galligan commanded the regiment.  Springfield was approached February 12th, when a skirmish took place and the enemy evacuated the town during the night.  For three days the army pursued Price.  At Sugar Creek, Col. Dodge's brigade supported the cavalry and artillery in a considerable engagement.  The Rebels retired, and our army rested for a few days.

     March 7th and 8th, the brilliantly fought battle of Pea Ridge took place.  In this engagement the Fourth bore a conspicuous part.  The army remained nearly a month in camp near the battle field.  Col. Dodge was promoted brigadier general, and Lt. Col. Galligan resigned. Adjt. James A. Williamson succeeded the latter, and a month later became colonel, when Capt. Burton of Co. D became lieutenant colonel.  The little army of Gen. Curtis now made one of the hardest marches of the war.  The intention was to move on Little Rock.  After incredible suffering, Helena was reached July 18thy.  From there, an expedition resulting in no advantage was undertaken up the Arkansas river. Another was made into Mississippi, destroying railroads and bringing back rich supplies of cotton, horses, etc. Much of this time Gen. Curtis had remained in command of the district, but to the regret of his attached command, he was succeeded by Gen. Schofield. The regiment remained at Helena till the departure of the army under Gen. Sherman for Vicksburg. On December 29th it bore so gallant a part in the disastrous battle of Chickasaw Bayou that Gen. Grant ordered to be inscribed on its banner, "The first at Chickasaw Bayou." The army remained a few days near the battle field, caring for the wounded and dead. January 2, 1863, it embarked for down the river. At the mouth of the Yazoo it was met by Gen. McClernand, who superseded Gen. Sherman in command.

The regiment took part in the battle of Arkansas Post on the l0th and 11th of January, 1863. It was led by Lt.-Col. Burton, Col. Williamson being wounded and sick. The regiment went into camp January 22d, opposite Vicksburg, April 2d, it embarked with its division under Gen. Steele for 150 miles up the Mississippi river to Greenville, whence it went on the celebrated raid of Deer Creek Valley. The object of this expedition was to get supplies and to divert attention from Grant's main movement at Vicksburg. The division returned, and at Grand Gulf, Miss., rejoined the army. It marched thence to Jackson, which city the Fourth Iowa was one of the first regiments to enter. Its division then spent two days destroying railroads, and arrived at Vicksburg May 18th, to participate in the siege. The regiment was in the assault of May 22d, and at various times engaged, losing in the siege 80 men. July 4th, the regiment took part in the second movement against Jackson, returning to Vicksburg, and then going into camp on the Black river. September 22d, it embarked for Memphis, and at once started on the march for Chattanooga. The regiment arrived at Chattanooga November 23d, and participated in the battle of Lookout Mountain on the 24th, Missionary Ridge on the 25th, and Ringgold on the 27th. December 3d, the regiment with its division went into camp at Bridgeport, Alabama, and then moved to Woodville. It remained there until February 26th, 1864, when re-enlistment having taken place, the veterans started home on furlough. By May 1st the regiment had rejoined the army, and was participating in Sherman's Atlanta campaign. It was in the Iowa brigade of Col. Williamson, soon made brigadier general. In this series of battles, the Fourth made a gallant record, and its losses reduced it to less than 200 men. Up to this period a brief history of the regiment is furnished the adjutant general by Col. Williamson. Following this, Maj. Nichols was promoted to the lieutenant colonelcy, and Capt. Anderson appointed major. October 4th, the regiment joined in the pursuit of Hood.

The Fourth now took part in the brilliant "March to the Sea," and afterward in the march through the Carolinas northward, in Col. Stone's gallant Iowa brigade. At Bentonsville, it was actively engaged. It marched on from Raleigh to Washington, participated in the grand review, and repaired to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was mustered out of service in July, 1865. In the farewell address of Col. Williamson, when promoted to brigadier general, touching allusion is made to the 1,000 volunteers who marched out as the Fourth Iowa, and the more than 300 added recruits, while at that time less then 400 survived. One thousand had given their lives to our country!

Grenville M. Dodge, first colonel of the Fourth, was made brigadier general March 31, 1862, and major general June 7, 1864. James A. Williamson, second colonel, was brevetted brigadier general December 19, 1864, and commissioned January 13, 1865.

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Reference: Iowa in War Times, by, S. H. M. Byers.  1888.  W. D. Condit & Co. Des Moines.