9th Battery Light Artillery

Wheatfield Road, east of Peach Orchard

Front

Ninth Mass.
Battery.
Captain Bigelow

July 2, 1863
Killed  Wounded
2 Officers
3 Non Com. Officers
5 Enlisted Men
----
Total 10
------------
80 Horses

Rear

9th MASSACHUSETTS BATTERY
Capt. John Bigelow
1st Position Left Gun Wheatfield Road
4.30 to 6 P. M. July 2, 1863

  Shelled Confederate Batteries on
Emmitsburg Road also the enemy around
Rose Farm Buildings.  Enfiladed with
canister Kershaw's Brigade C. S. A.
Moving across field in front from Em-
mitsburg Road to woods on left where
battle was raging in front of Round Tops

  6 P. M. alone on field Graham's Brigade
3d. Corps forced from Peach Orchard
had retired by detachments.

By "Prolonge Firing" retired before
Kershaw's skirmishers and Barksdale's
Brigade C. S. A. 400 yards.

2d. position. Angle of stone wall near
Trostle's House where the Battery was
halted by Lieut. Colonel McGilvery and
ordered to hold enemy in check until line
of Artillery could be formed 560 yards in
the rear. Was without support and hemmed
in by stone wall. Enemy closed in on flanks
Men and horses were shot down when finally
overcome at 6.30 P.M. Lieut. Colonel McGilvery
had batteries unsupported in position near
the Weikert House covering opening in lines
between Round Tops and left of 2d Corps 3/4
mile occasioned by withdrawal of Graham's
Brigade

7.15 P. M. Willard's Brigade 2d. Corps and
later Lockwood's Brigade 12th Corps came
to support of Artillery

8 P. M. the enemy finally repulsed.


 

United States Avenue, Trostle Farmhouse. Gettysburg

2nd Position    6 P. M. July 2

Ninth Mass Battery
Capt Bigelow
By prolonged returned firing
from the Crossroad 400 yds. distant
without Infantry support before
Barksdale's Confed. Brigade
Final stand made across this angle

Roster

Organized at Camp Meigs, Readville, and mustered in August 10, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 3. Attached to Abercrombie's Division, Military District of Washington, D.C., to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division. 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to May, 1863. Barry's Command, 22nd Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to April, 1864. 3rd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., September, 1862, to June, 1863. At Camp Seymour, Capital Hill, September 7-22, 1862; at Camp Chase until October 27; at Camp Barry until November 19; at Forts Ramsey and Buffalo, Upton's Hill, Va., until April 17, 1863. Moved to Centreville, Va., April 17; thence to Fairfax C. H. and Edward's Ferry June 25. To Frederick City, Md., June 27; to Middleburg June 29; to Tanneytown June 30, and to Gettysburg, Pa., July 1. Battle of Gettysburg July 2-4. Supported 3rd Corps in battle of July 2, and was the last of five Batteries to withdraw, firing by prolong when the Corps was obliged to fall back. After retiring 400 yards it was ordered to make a stand close to the Trostle house and hold that point at all hazards, until a line of Artillery could be formed. It was immediately charged by Col. Humphrey's 21st Mississippi Regiment, which entered the Battery and were fought hand to hand by the Cannoneers until they had suffered a loss of 28 men killed and wounded and 65 horses, when it was ordered to fall back, having sacrificed itself for the safety of the line. At Warrenton August 1-September 16, and at Culpeper C. H. until October 11. Bristoe Campaign October 11-22, Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station December 13, 1863, to May 4, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. North Anna River May 23-26, Line of the Pamunkey River May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Built and occupied Fort Davis June 24 to August 14, 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Garrison Fort Duschene and Fort Howard until October 27. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Garrison Fort Rice until February 5, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7. Fort Stedman March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Duty at City Point until May 3. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 3-13. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, June 6, 1865.

Battery lost during service 2 Officers and 13 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Enlisted men by disease. Total 19.

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