Unattached Companies

 

Ninety Days


Thirteen companies of Massachusetts militia were called out and mustered into the United States service during April and May, 1864, to do guard and garrison duty at forts and military posts on or near the eastern coast of the State for the period of ninety days.  Eight of these companies had been raised and organized as units of the Independent
Division of Militia, a home guard division, authorized by Chapter 243 of the Acts of 1863, while the remaining five, as the schedule below will show, were detached from already existing regiments of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. A complete list of these ninety day companies, with the number, origin, name of commanding officer, and station of each is here given.

Stationed at:
1st— Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. Lewis J. Bird, Fort Independence
2d — Co. E, 8th Regt., M.V.M. Capt. Francis E. Porter, Gloucester
3d — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. Luther Dame, Ft. Pickering, Salem
4th — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. Alpheus J. Hillbourn, Clark's Point, New Bedford
5th — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. David H. Dyer, Beach-Street Barracks, Boston
6th — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. Charles P. Winslow, Camp Meigs, Readville
7th— Co. G, 42d Regt., M.V.M. Capt. Albert E. Proctor, Galloup's Island
8th— Co. I, 6th Regt., M.V.M. Capt. Augustine L. Hamilton, Galloup's Island.
9th — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. George H. Smith, Galloup's Island.
10th — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. George A. Perry, Fort Warren.
11th — Co. I. 8th Regt., M.V.M. Capt. Jeremiah C. Bacheller, Gloucester.
12th — Co. of Infantry, I.D.M. Capt. Charles F. Walcott, Provincetown.
13th — Co. A. 50th Regt., M.V.M. Capt. Robert W. Reeves, Clark's Point, Gloucester.

These companies were mustered out of the service in August, 1864, and their stations occupied in many cases by unattached companies recruited for one hundred days.

 

1st Unattached Company Infantry 

Mustered in for 90 days' service April 29, 1864. Duty at Fort Independence, Boston Harbor. Mustered out August 1, 1864.
 

2nd Unattached Company Infantry 

Mustered in for 90 days' service May 3, 1864. Duty at Eastern Point, Gloucester, until August 6. Reenlisted for 100 days and mustered in August 7, 1864. Stationed at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, until November. Again enlisted for one year and mustered in November 16, 1864. At Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, until July, 1865. Mustered out July 7, 1865.

 

3rd Unattached Company Infantry 

Mustered in for 90 days' service May 3, 1864, and on duty at Fort Pickering, Salem, Mass. Mustered out August 5, 1864.
 

4th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville, Mass., and mustered in for 90 days' service May 3, 1864. On duty at Fort Clark's Point, New Bedford. Mustered out August 6, 1864.
 

5th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville, Mass., and mustered in for 90 days' service May 4, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville, and at Beach Street Barracks. Mustered out August 2, 1864.
 

6th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 4, 1864. Duty at Readville. Mustered out August 2, 1864.
 

7th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 4, 1864. Duty at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor. Mustered out August 5, 1864.

 

8th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 10, 1864. At Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor, until August. Mustered out August 11, 1864.
 

9th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 10, 1864. Stationed at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor. Mustered out August 11, 1864.
 

10th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 10, 1864. Stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. Mustered out August 8, 1864.
 

11th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 16, 1864. Duty at Forts Sewell and Eastern Point, Gloucester, and at Marblehead, Mass. Mustered out August 15, 1864.
 

12th Unattached Company Infantry  

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service. Duty at Long's Point, Provincetown. Mustered out August 15, 1864.
 

13th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 90 days' service May 16, 1864. Duty at Fort Clark's Point, New Bedford, Mass. Mustered out August 15, 1864.

 

14th Unattached Company Infantry

Unavailable

 

One Hundred Days


Nine companies of Massachusetts militia were recruited up to the minimum standard and mustered into the United States service in July and August, 1864, for one hundred days, to take the places of the ninety days companies whose terms of enlistment were to expire in August. Six of these companies had for their nuclei companies belonging to existing regiments of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, one, the 21st, was a unit of the Independent Division of Militia, while two, the 16th and 19th, were new companies.

The 16th was raised largely in East Boston by John F. Croft, under Special Order No. 694, dated July 8, 1864, and the 19th was raised in Milford and vicinity by Dixwell H. Clark, under Special Order No. 713, dated July 12, 1864.

A list of these companies, with the number, origin, name of commanding officer, and station of each, appears below.

2d — Co. E, 8th Regt. M. V. M. Capt. Francis E. Porter, Gloucester.
15th — Co. E, 3d Regt. M. V. M. Capt. Isaac A. Jennings, Fort Warren.
16th — New Company Capt. John F. Croft, Galloup's Island.
17th — Co. K, 7th Regt. M. V. M. Capt. John G. Barnes, Fort Pickering, Salem.
18th — Co. H, 3d Regt. M. V. M. Capt. Otis A. Baker, Galloup's Island.
19th — New Company Capt. James M. Mason, Fort Warren.
20th — Co. E, 4th Regt. M. V. M. Capt. Lewis Soule, Fort Sewall, Marblehead.
21st — Co. of Infantry I. D. M. Capt. David H. Dyer, Provincetown.
22d — Co. A, 3d Regt. M. V. M. Capt. John W. Marble, Camp Meigs, Readville.
23d — Co. I, 3d Regt. M. V. M. Capt. Jabez M. Lyle, Camp Meigs, Readville.

These one hundred days companies were mustered out in November, 1864, and their places taken in most cases by unattached companies enlisted for one year.

15th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days' service July 29, 1864. Stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. Mustered out November 15, 1864.

 

16th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days' service August 6, 1864. Duty at Gallop's Island, Boston Harbor. Mustered out November 14, 1864.

 

17th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days' service August 5, 1864. Duty at Fort Pickering, Salem, Mass. Mustered out November 12, 1864. Again mustered in for one year at Salem. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

 

18th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 6, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville. Mustered out November 14, 1864. Reenlisted and mustered in for one year December 6, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville. Mustered out May 12, 1865.

 

19th Unattached Company Infantry 
 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 9, 1864. Stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. Mustered out November 16, 1864. Reorganized and mustered in for one year November 25, 1864. Stationed at Fort Winthrop. Mustered out June 27, 1865.

20th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 11, 1864. Stationed at Fort Sewell, Marblehead, Mass. Mustered out November 18, 1864. Again mustered in for one year November 17, 1864. Stationed at Salisbury Beach. Mustered out June 29, 1865.

 

21st Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 11, 1864. Stationed at Long's Point, Provincetown. Mustered out November 18, 1864. Reorganized at Fall River, Mass., for one year, and mustered in November 23, 1864. Stationed at Provincetown. Mustered out June 28, 1865.

 

22nd Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days' service August 18, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville. Mustered out November 2, 1864.

 

23rd Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Readville and mustered in for 100 days August 18, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville. Mustered out November 26, 1864.

 

1 Year

When the terms of service of the one hundred days companies were drawing to a close General Order No. 40 was issued from the Adjutant General's office, dated October 21, 1864, the following being the text of the order :

" Commanding Officers of Companies of One Hundred Days Troops belonging to Massachusetts, now doing Garrison duty at the Forts on the Coast, are hereby authorized to re-enlist their commands for One Year's service, unless sooner discharged, for said Garrison duty. The Companies will be filled to the maximum by new enlistments, to take the place of those who refuse to re-enlist."

In response to this order six of the one hundred days companies were recruited up to the minimum standard and re-mustered for one year's service during November and December, 1864, and four new companies were enlisted for the same period, many of the recruits having served in unattached companies, one hundred days or in one hundred days regiments. In fact, the 27th Unattached Company, One Year, might be said to have been a reorganization of Co. "C", 8th Regiment, One Hundred Days. The 24th, 25th, 26th, and most of the men of the 27th Companies were mustered into the United States service during the month of December, 1864.

A schedule of the one year companies appears below.

As the war was practically at an end before May 1, 1865, none of the one year companies served its full term of enlistment. All, except the 2d Company, were mustered out in May and June, 1865, and the 2d Company on the 7th of July.

 

2nd Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year) 

17th Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year)

18th Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year)

19th Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year)

 20th Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year)

21st Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year)
 

24th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Plymouth and mustered in for one year's service December 16-22, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville. Mustered out May 12, 1865.

 

25th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at Salem and mustered in for one year's service December 9, 1864. Stationed at Fort Miller, Marblehead. Mustered out June 29, 1865.

 

26th Unattached Company Infantry 

Organized at New Bedford and mustered in for one year's service December 13, 1864. Duty at Camp Meigs, Readville. Mustered out May 12, 1865.

 

27th Unattached Company Infantry (1 Year) 

 

Boston Cadets 

Mustered in May 26, 1862. Stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. Mustered out July 2, 1862.

 

Salem Cadets 

Mustered in May 26, 1862. Stationed at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. Mustered out October 11, 1862.

The entry into the service of these three units (Boston Cadets---Salem Cadets---4th Infantry Battalion (Militia)) of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia is closely associated with "the great scare" so called, caused by the defeat of General Banks' force in the Shenandoah Valley, on the 24th and 25th of May, 1862, by the Confederates under Stonewall Jackson.

At a late hour on the 25th two telegrams were received from Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, the text of which is here given :
    "Send all the troops forward that you can, immediately. Banks is completely routed. The enemy are, in large force, advancing on Harper's Ferry."
    "Intelligence from various quarters leaves no doubt that the enemy, in great force, are advancing on Washington. You will please organize and forward immediately all the volunteer and militia force in your State."

In response to these telegrams, on the morning of May 26, General Order No. 13 was issued from the office of the Adjutant General directing that the battalion of six companies stationed at Fort Warren should be raised immediately to a regiment and placed under command of Major Francis J. Parker as Colonel.

On the day following that on which this order was issued these six companies, which were to be thereafter known as the 32d Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf., were on their way to Washington.  The departure of these companies left Fort Warren practically without a garrison.

On this same 26th day of May Special Order No. 94 was issued directing the Companies of Cadets of the First and Second Divisions, the Boston and Salem Cadets so called, commanded respectively by Lieutenant Colonel Christopher C. Holmes and Major John Louis Marks, to report forthwith to Colonel Dimmick (Dimick), U. S. A., commanding at
Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, for active service. These companies responded immediately, and before this eventful day was done they were mustered into the service of the United States and took up their duties at the fort.

By another special order issued on the 26th the 4th Battalion of Infantry commanded by Major Francis L. Lee had also been called out to do garrison duty at Fort Warren.  The battalion responded and on the morning of May 27, was mustered into the service.

Telegrams arriving from Washington on the 27th showed that the danger to the capital was past, and the alarm which had been caused in Massachusetts subsided. It was evident that the two Companies of Cadets would provide a sufficient guard for Fort Warren, so, by General Order No. 16, dated May 27, it was ordered that the 4th Battalion of
Infantry should be mustered out. This was done on May 31, the battalion having been in the service four days. This same General Order No. 16 directed that the two Companies of Cadets should be mustered out as soon as they were relieved from duty at Fort Warren. The Boston Cadets were retained in the service until July 2, when their places were taken by Co. "B", 7th Regt. Inf., M. V. M., while the Salem Cadets were retained until October 11, on which dates respectively the Cadet Companies were mustered out and discharged.

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