Organized at White Pigeon, Mich., September 17 to December 7, 1861. Left State for Kentucky December 9, 1861. Attached to 1st Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Center 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. Artillery, 2nd Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, Defenses of Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, Dept. of the Cumberland, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Sub-District, District of Middle Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to August, 1865.
The Battery left their rendezvous at Coldwater on December the 9th., taking its route to the field in Kentucky. There are no records of its movements prior to June 26, 1863, when they are reported to be under the command of Captain Church, Captain Bidwell having resigned on August 2, 1862. They were engaged in the action at Hoover's Gap, Tn, on June 26, 1863, then in the battle of Chickamauga on the 19th. and the 20th., September following. At Hoover's Gap, they inflicted severe damage upon the southern forces. Their loss in this action was one man wounded. At Chickamauga they were heavily engaged, and overwhelmed by numbers, having to abandon five of their pieces, bring off only a 12 pounder Howitzer. Their loss was nine wounded and three missing, Captain Church being among the wounded.
On the 1st. of November, 1863, the Battery was lying in camp at Chattanooga,Tn, they were on the 23rd., furnished with a battery of 20 pound Parrot guns, and took position in Fort Negley, one of the principal forts in the line of works at Chattanooga, and immediately in front of that place. The Battery, from Fort Negley, shelled the rebels during the battles of the 23rd.,24th., and 25th. of November. On the 24th., they aided in covering Hooker's advance up Lookout Mountain, then on the 25th., the assault on Mission Ridge.
On the 5th. of December the Battery left Chattanooga for Nashville, where they remained during the winter, engaging in the defence of that place from the 12th. to the 16th. of December.
On the 3rd. of March, 1864, they were ordered to Mufreesboro, where they remained during the year, occupying "Redoubt Brannon", the flag station of Fort Rosecrans. The Battery was then commanded by Captain H.B. Corbin, Captain Church having been promoted to Major in the regiment. While General Hood was operating against Nashville, his right resting near Murfreesboro, the Battery was engaged with his forces at various times, from the 12th. to the 16th. of December. They remained on duty at Fort Rosecrans until July 15, 1865, when they proceeded , under the command of Captain Jesse Fuller, to Michigan, reaching Jackson on the 22nd. They were mustered out of the service on the 3rd. of August, then soon after paid off and disbanded.
During their term of Federal service, they were engaged at:
SERVICE.--Duty at Camp Dick Robinson and Somerset, Ky., until January, 1862. Advance on Camp Hamilton, Ky., January 1-17. Mill Springs, Fishing Creek, January 19. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., February 10-March 2. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 8. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. Duty at Iuka, Miss., and Tuscumbia, Ala., until August. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 21-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg to Crab Orchard, Ky., October 1-15. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7, and duty there until December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro until June. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover's Gap June 24-26. Occupation of Middle Tennessee until August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Battles of Chattanooga November 23-25. Occupied Fort Negley and supported General Hooker's assault on Lookout Mountain November 24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., December 5, and garrison duty there until March 30, 1864. Moved to Murfreesboro March 30, and garrison duty at Fort Rosecrans until July, 1865. Siege of Murfreesboro December 5-12, 1864. Moved from Murfreesboro to Jackson, Mich., July 15-22. Mustered out August 3, 1865.
|Died of Disease--38|
|Died of Wounds--1|
|Killed in Action--1|
|Total Casualty Rate--11.9%|