9th Regiment Cavalry














The Regiment, with the exception of 2 companies incomplete, was mustered into the service of the United States on the 19th. of May, 1863, the muster rolls containing the names of 1073 officers and men.

Organized at Coldwater, Mich., January 8 to May 19, 1863. Under the direction of Colonel James L. David, of Trenton, who had been Quartermaster of the 1st Michigan Cavalry. Left State for Covington, Ky., May 20, 1863; thence moved to Hickman's Bridge, Ky., June 1-4, and to Mr. Sterling, Ky. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to August, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to November, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Dept. of the Ohio, to May, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, District of Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1864. Mounted Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, 23rd Army Corps, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Kilpatrick's 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865.

The Regiment was ordered to the field in Kentucky, under the command of Colonel David, leaving its rendezvous at Coldwater by detachments, respectively, on May 18th., 20th., and 25th., 1863, proceeding to Covington,KY, then on June 4th., to Hickman's Bridge, where on June 12th., they were ordered to Mount Sterling, to pursue Everett's guerrillas, who they overtook at Triplett's Bridge, then completely routed.

Returning to Hickman's Bridge on the 25th., they entered on the campaign against the confederate Morgan. Arriving at Stanford on the 28th., then to Lebanon, arriving there on the 4th. of July, with the rear guard, where they drove Morgan's forces from the town, who was then on his contemplated raid into Indiana and Ohio. Colonel David had hurried his command to this point at the rate of fifty miles per day, then after scattering Morgan's forces, returned to Danville.

The Regiment reached Danville on the 6th., where, Colonel W.T. Saunders, of the 5th. Kentucky Cavalry, assumed command of the whole force then there, the Eighth and Ninth Michigan Cavalry, being in the same Brigade. The Ninth left there on the 7th., arriving at Lawrenceburg the same day, here companies "D", "H", and "B", under the command of Major Gallagher, went in pursuit of Morgan's men, engaging them at Cumming's Ford, scattering them and taking 32 prisoners, then returning to Lawrenceburg on the 9th. On the 12th., the Ninth regrouped and marched to Westport, where they were divided.

Companies "A", "B", "F" and "L", under the command of Lt.Colonel Acker, with a section of Battery "L", 1st. Michigan Light Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant Roys, took transports to Cincinnati, arriving there on the 15th. They were disembarked, then immediately ordered by General Burnside, on a march, the intent being, to flank Morgan's forces, then on the Ohio side of the river. Colonel Acker's command joined the forces of General Hopson, at Montgomery, where the pursuit of Morgan commenced, marching day and night, coming upon the southern column at daylight on the 19th., at Buffington's Island. General Hopson's force attacked his rear, while General Judah attacked his front. The engagement was brisk, but short, and the rout of the rebels was complete, over 2000 prisoners being taken by the union forces, with some artillery and a large amount of small arms and equipment, with numerous horses and other property.

The Ninth was hotly engaged, Companies "L" and "F", under Major Gallagher, were dismounted and advanced as skirmishers, driving the rebels, turning their retreat into a complete rout. Major Gallagher, with Company "F:, under the command of Lieutenant Karrer, charged on the rebel flank, capturing three pieces of artillery, with a large number of prisoners, following the retreating confederates for about four miles, until relieved by other union forces. Another detachment of the Ninth, under the command of Colonel David, made up of Companies "C" and "K", along with portions of Companies "A" and "B", with a section of Battery "L", First Michigan Light Artillery, were ordered in pursuit of Morgan, having embarked on transports at Lawrenceburg on July 14th., landed at Portsmouth, Ohio, on the 16th., thence pursuing the rebels in the direction of Chester, overtaking them and capturing some prisoners. Continuing the pursuit, the detachment reached Buffington's Island, then on Sunday morning of the 19th., engaged them at that point, taking a large number of prisoners. After the fight, Colonel David's forces were united with that of Lieutenant Acker, then the Regiment commenced a movement back to Covington, arriving there on July 31st. Another detachment, under the command of Major May, consisting of Companies "D", "E", "H", and "I", with a section of Battery "L", First Michigan Light Artillery, under Lieutenant Gallagher, had left Westport,KY, July the 15th., on board transports, arriving at Cincinnati on the 16th., going into camp at Covington, and remaining there until the 24th. Here Companies "C" and "K", from Portsmouth, joined Way's command. This force on the above date also entered on the pursuit of Morgan, by way of the Little Miami Railroad, arriving at Mingo Junction on the 25th., then marched to La Grange, then to Stubenville. Morgan. being tracked, was soon overtaken, when skirmishing commenced, continuing until after dark, with some loss in wounded, driving the rebels before them during the entire night, exchanging shots.

On the morning of the 26th., Morgan being hard pressed and flanked, was forced into an engagement which resulted, after a severe fight of an hour and a half, in the complete rout of his forces, with a loss of 23 killed, 44 wounded and 305 prisoners, while the detachment of the Ninth, lost in wounded, Lieutenant Fisk and seven men. The pursuit was continued, Morgan with the remnants of his force flying in confusion until, meeting with the forces under General Shackleford, he surrendered.

The Regiment, having been reunited at Covington, proceeded to Hickman's Bridge, then participated in the expedition of General Burnside into Eastern Tennessee, arriving at Knoxville on the 3rd. of September, having skirmished at Loudon on the 2nd. From Knoxville they proceeded to the Cumberland Gap. On the 7th., a detachment of the Regiment drove in the rebel pickets, entered the Gap, then burned a large mill, on which the confederacy depended to a great extent for subsistence. Loss to the Regiment was one killed and one wounded. On the 8th., the rebels, 2500 strong, with 14 cannon, surrendered to the Union forces.

Subsequently the Regiment was engaged at Carter's Station, September 22nd., loss one killed, four wounded, Zollicoffer, September 24th., driving the rebels from their fortifications, Blue Springs on October 5th. and 10th., with a loss of two wounded, then at Raytown on October 11th., with a loss of two killed and two wounded.

Since they arrived at Covington, in May 1862, the Regiment marched nearly 3000 miles, exclusive of marches by detachments, while scouting, foraging, etc.

At the beginning of November, 1863, the Regiment was at Henderson Station, and seems to have performed a considerable amount of scouting during the month, in that portion of Tennessee. In December, notes its march towards Knoxville on the 6th., then a skirmish with the confederates on Clinch Mountain on the 7th., during a march of 30 miles. On the 10th., while on reconnaissance, the met the rebels two miles from Moorestown, and successfully engaged them, then on the 12th., was occupied, with its Brigade, in a sharp action near Russellville. The position of the Regiment at Bean's Station, was attacked on the 14th., causing the command to fall back toward Rutledge.

The next two days, the Regiment, under the command of Major Brockway, (Colonel Acker being wounded at Bean's Station), while acting as rear guard, was engaged in constant skirmishing near Rutledge. Later in the month they were in skirmishes at Dandredge and Mossy Creek.

On the 16th., of January, 1864, the Regiment, then under the command of Major Gallagher, moved from Dandredge in the direction of Bull's Gap, encountering the rebels infantry in a large force at Kinsboro Cross Roads, where after a severe fight of about an hour and a half, the Regiment fell back to Dandredge, having lost 32 in killed, wounded and missing. The next day they were skirmishing from noon to dark near the same place, then fell back to New Market, having been engaged at Fair Garden, Sevierville, and Strawberry Plains. Then they moved from Strawberry Plains to Knoxville. Further memoranda refer to continued marches and counter marches during the month, which closed with the Regiment at Little River. The May reports indicate they were camped near Nicholsville, waiting for new equipment.

In June the Regiment is found again fighting, with the notorious Morgan near, near Cynthiana,KY. It appears that on June the 9th., the Regiment, then under the command of Colonel Acker, was in camp at Nicholosville, and ordered to scout Bayley's Cross Roads, a distance of 14 miles, with orders that if Morgan was found, to engage him. On the 10th., they marched to Lexington, where a battalion of the Regiment, under the command of Major McBride, met with a portion of Morgan's command, had a brisk skirmish, then retired. On the 11th. the Regiment marched to Paris and bivouacked for 2 hours, then after dark started for Cynthiana, leading the horses most of the way, so as to make as little noise as possible. Just at daylight on the 12th., the confederates were found behind rail barricades. The 11th. Michigan and the 12th. Ohio Cavalry were in line of battle on foot, for the purpose of driving them from the barricade, while the 9th. charged the left flank in a most splendid manner, taking 300 prisoners, 500 horses and a large quantity of small arms. This charge was a brilliant affair, completely routing the southerners, and driving large numbers of their troops into the Licking River in much confusion and thoroughly demoralized.

On October 9th., the Regiment was at Decatur, then on to Stone Mountain, from there they set out on the Atlanta Campaign with General Sherman's Army, skirmishing at Macon, then Griswaldville, again at Milledgeville on the 24th. of November, thence to Gilliam's Plantation.

For the duration of the war the 9th. participated in all of the movements of Sherman's Army on his infamous March to the Sea, then with his northward thrust into the Carolinas that resulted finally in the surrender of Johnston's Army.

The 9th. after months of scouting, foraging and performing picket duty, all along the Eastern seaboard, marched to Concord on the 14th. of July, where they were mustered out of service on the 21st, then sent by rail to Jackson, Michigan, where they were paid off and disbanded on the 30th.

The Ninth was the only Michigan Cavalry Regiment that marched with Sherman to the sea, and composed the escort of General Kilpatrick, who maintained communication between that army and the Atlantic coast.

Cummings Ferry, Ky Louden, Tn Carters St, Tn
Lovejoy's Station, Ga Fair Garden, Tn Broad River Bridge, SC
Zollicoffer, Tn White Pond, SC Sevierville, Tn
Clinton, Ga Kinsboro's Cross Roads, Tn Phillip's Cross Roads, NC
Leesburg, Tn Aiken, SC Strawberry Plains, Tn
Griswaldville, Ga Mossy Creek, Tn Wadesboro, NC
Triplett Bridge, Ky Lexington, SC Charles Cross Roads, TN
Macon, Ga Dandridge, Tn Salvisa, Ky
Blue Springs, Tn Salkehatchie, SC Solemn Grove, NC
Milledgeville, Ga Buffingtons Island, Oh Cynthiana, Tn
Salineville, Oh Rutledge, Tn Averysboro, NC
Louisville, Ga Altahama Bridge, Ga Atlanta, Ga
Rheatown, Tn Beans Station, Tn Bentonville, NC
Waynesboro, Ga Arnold's Plantation, Ga Stone Mountain, Ga
Knoxville, Tn Lebanon, Ky Morrisville, NC
Cypress Swamp, Ga Russelville, Tn Cumberland Gap, TN
Morristown, Tn Savannah, Ga

SERVICE.--Operations against Everett in Eastern Kentucky June 13-23, 1863. Action at Triplett's Bridge, Ky., June 16. Pursuit of Morgan June 27-July 25. Action at Lebanon, Ky., July 5. Cumming's Ferry July 8 (Cos. "B," "D," "H"). Buffington Island, Ohio, July 19. Operations in Eastern Kentucky against Scott July 25-August 6. Salinesville July 26. Lancaster and Paint Lick Bridge, Ky., July 31. Lancaster August 1. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. March across Cumberland Mountains to Knoxville, Tenn., August 16-September 2. Winter's Gap August 31. Expedition to Cumberland Gap September 4-7. Operations about Cumberland Gap September 7-10. Capture of Cumberland Gap September 9. Carter's Station September 22. Zollicoffer September 24. Jonesborough September 28. Leesburg September 29. Blue Springs October 5 and 10. Sweetwater October 10-11. Rheatown October 11. Spurgeon's Mill October 19. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Stock Creek November 15. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Rutledge December 7. Morristown December 10. Cheek's Cross Reads December 12. Russellsville December 12-13. Bean's Station December 14. Rutledge December 15-16. Blain's Cross Roads December 16-19. Stone's Mill December 19. Dandridge December 24. Mossy Creek December 26. Operations about Dandridge January 16-17, 1864. Kimbrough's Cross Roads January 16. Bull's Gap January 16-17. Dandridge January 17. Operations about Dandridge January 26-28. Near Fair Garden January 27. Island Ford January 28. Strawberry Plains February 20. Cheek's Cross Roads March 13. Moved to Nicholasville, Ky., and duty there until July. Operations against Morgan May 31-June 20, 1864 (Detachment). Mt. Sterling June 9. Cynthiana June 12. March to Marietta, Ga., July 4-27. Atlanta Campaign July 27-September 8. Siege of Atlanta August 1-September 2. Sandtown and Fairburn August 15. Stone Mountain October 2. Expedition from Atlanta to Tuckum's Cross Roads October 26-29. Tuckum's Ferry October 27. Near Lawrenceville, Stone Mountain, October 27. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Jonesborough November 15. Bear Creek Station November 16. East Macon and Walnut Creek November 20. Griswoldsville November 20 (Cos. "B," "C," "D"). Waynesboro November 27-28. Near Waynesboro November 28. Buckhead Creek, or Reynolds' Plantation, November 28. Waynesboro December 4. Cypress Swamp, near Sister's Ferry, December 7. Buck Creek December 7. Ebenezer Creek December 8. Seige of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Aiken and Blackville. S.C., February 11. Johnson's Station February 11. South Edisto River February 11-12. Gunter's Bridge, North Edisto, February 14. Phillips' Cross Roads and Wadesboro, N. C., March 4. Monroe's Cross Roads March 10. Near Smith's Mill, Black River, March 15. Taylor's Hole Creek, Averysboro, March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Raleigh & Smithfield Railroad April 10-11. Raleigh April 12-13. Morrisville April 13. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Concord, N. C., May 14 to July 21. Mustered out July 21, 1865.

Total Enrollment --2057
Killed in Action --25
Died of Wounds --3
Died of Disease --153
Total Casualty Rate --8.7%

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