10th Regiment Michigan Infantry












Field & Staff

Organized at Flint, Mich., and mustered in February 6, 1862. Left State for Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., April 22. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army Mississippi, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 13th Division, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Center 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Reserve Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

It was composed of the following local companies, the "Byron Guard", of Bryon, the "Saginaw Rangers" of Saginaw, the "Orion Union Guard" of Orion, the "Sanillac Pioneers" of Sanilac, the "Scarret Guard" of Port Huron, the "Holt Guard" of Almont, the "Lum Guard" of Memphis, the "McClelland Guard" of Pontiac, the "Genesee Rangers" of Flint and the "Dickerson Guard" of Hillsdale.

The Regiment left the state April 22, 1862, under the command of Colonel Charles M. Lum, joining the army under General Hallock, at Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., being assigned to the Second Brigade, General Pope's Division. The Tenth was in the presence of the Confederates the moment it reached its destination, commencing at once a series of marches and skirmishes that occupied every day, together with the hard work of building trenches and fortifications. When the Confederates retreated from Corinth the Tenth went into camp at that place, where it remained until June 20th, enjoying a much needed rest, when it was ordered to Tuscumbia, Ala. Detachment's of the Regiment were sent out from this place to occupy certain positions and act as provost guard.

In September the Tenth marched to Nashville, where it was engaged in building fortifications, taking part in reconnaissances, guarding trains, all the while suffering severely from short rations. The Regiment was then assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth Army Corp, Army of the Cumberland. During the winter the Regiment was constantly on duty, making many and long marches; but, met with no serious loss in battle. It had frequent contacts with the southern forces while guarding trains. losing a number of men in these engagements. In September, 1863, the Regiment was at Bridgeport, Ala, crossed the Tennessee River near Chattanooga, arriving at Chicamauga Station the 26th. It was constantly in motion, occupying a number of towns during the fall and summer.

The Regiment veteranized at Rossville, 335 men re-enlisting on the 6th of Feb. 1864, with the expectation of going home for a 30 day furlough. While anticipating such a pleasant event, orders were received for the regiment to move with the army in a general advance toward Dalton, Ga. At Buzzards Roost, Feb. 25th, the Confederates were found strongly fortified, and the Tenth was pushed upon the confederate works, meeting a storm of grape and canister, causing a loss of 13 killed, 35 wounded and 17 missing, for a total loss of 65 men.The following month the Regiment was returned to Michigan, arriving at Detroit, March 11th, and was furloughed for 30 days. May 11th., the Tenth was back in Chattanooga, thence to Georgia, marching by way of Dalton and Kenesaw Mountain, crossing the Chattahoochie River the 17th, then taking part in the Siege of Atlanta. The Tenth was a part of General Sherman's army and participated in the march from Atlanta to the Sea, then after a number of skirmishes with the southern defenders, arrived before Savannah, December the 11th. When that city fell, the Tenth encamped there until January 20, 1865, when it started with the balance of the army on the campaign in the Carolinas. The Tenth crossed the Savannah River at Sister's Ferry, Feb. 6th, then was engaged with the Confederates at Fayetteville, N.C., March 11th, crossing the Cape Fear River on the 12th. The Regiment skirmished heavily with southern forces at Averysboro, N.C. the 16th, then fighting in the battle at Bentonville on the 19th. The Tenth then marched on to Raleigh, reaching Goldsboro on the 23rd. The line of march was then continued to Richmond, Va., as that city had fallen into the hands of Union troops upon the Surrender of General Lee. On the 10th of May, 1865, the Regiment was marched to Washington, D. C., where it took part in the Grand Review with General Sherman's army on the 24th.

The Regiment, then in command of Colonel Dunphy, started for Louisville, KY., where it was mustered out of service on July 19, 1865, returning to Jackson, Mich., on the 22nd, then on the 1st of August, 1865 was paid off and disbanded.

During their term of Federal service, they were engaged at:

Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30, 1862. Actions at Farmington, Miss., May 3 and 9. Reconnoissance toward Corinth May 8. Occupation of Corinth May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. Tuscumbia Creek May 31-June 1. Reconnoissance toward Baldwyn June 3. In camp near Corinth until July 20. Moved to Tuscumbia July 20-25, and duty there until September. March to Nashville, Tenn., September 3-15. Siege of Nashville, Tenn., September 15-November 7. Duty at Nashville, Tenn., until January, 1863. Guard trains to Murfreesboro, Tenn., January 2-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro until August. Mill Creek near Murfreesboro January 25 (Co. "I"). Antioch Station April 10. March to Columbia, Tenn., thence via Athens and Huntsville to Stevenson, Ala., August 19-September 7. Moved to Bridgeport, Ala., September 20, thence to Anderson's Cross Roads October 1, and to Smith's Ferry, Tenn., October 18-26. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Chickamauga Station November 26. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 19. At Chattanooga December 19. Demonstration on Dalton February 22-27, 1864. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard's Roost Gap, and Rocky Faced Ridge, February 23-25. (Regiment participated in this demonstration and actions while awaiting Veteran furlough, suffering a loss of over 60 men killed, wounded and missing.) Veterans absent on furlough until May 11. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 11-September 8. Rome May 17-18. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Pursuit of Hood October 2-10. Florence October 6-7. At Chattanooga, Tenn., October 13-18, and at Rome, Ga., until October 31. March to Atlanta via Kingston and Cartersville, destroying railroad and bridges the entire distance, November 1-15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Louisville November 30. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Near Fayetteville, N. C., March 13. Averysboro March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 17. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 13, and duty there until July 19. Mustered out July 19, and discharged at Jackson, Mich., August 1, 1865.

Total Enrollment--1514
Killed in Action--62
Died of Wounds--26
Died in Confederate Prisons--9
Died of Disease--86
Discharged for Wounds--178
Total Casualty Rate--23.8%

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Reference: History of the Formation, Movements, Camps, Scouts and Battles of the Tenth Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry; Containing a Short Historical Sketch Of Every Officer Connected With The Regiment

Written and Compiled by F. W. H., (Fletcher Willis Hewes)
Detroit: John Slater's Book and Job Printing Establishment 1864.