Organized at White Pigeon, Mich., and mustered in September 24, 1861. Left State for Bardstown, Ky. December 9, and duty there until March, 1862. Attached to Railroad Guard, Unattached, Dept. of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 29th Brigade, 8th Division, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Center 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumber land, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to September, 1864.
During the spring of 1862 the Eleventh was occupied in guarding the Nashville and Louisville railroad, then in July made a series of long marches in pursuit of the Confederate raider John Morgan, being a part of the force that defeated Morgan at Gallatin, Tenn., on the 13th of August. Upon its return to Nashville, it was assigned to Negley's Division rendering valuable assistance in fortifying that city so it was impregnable to the attack of the opposing forces. Colonel May resigned April 1, 1862, with Lieutenant Colonel Stoughton being commissioned Colonel on that same date. The Regiment under his command was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division of the 14th Corp.
The Eleventh participated in the advance upon Murfreesboro and was in the fiercest fighting at Stone River. Negley's Division, the Second, was in the center of the Union line which was stoutly assailed by the Confederates in such overwhelming numbers as to force it back toward Murfreesboro Pike. The Eleventh fought gallantly with the many casualties of the Regiment attesting to the severity of the contest. The Eleventh was one of the first Regiments to cross Stone River, and was among the troops that captured a Confederate battery which had been abandoned when the Confederates were driven from the field. During January, 1863, the Eleventh was detached from its Division then placed on provost duty at Murfreesboro, remaining there until the following June, when the advance was made upon Tullahoma.
In September the Eleventh left its camp at Dechard, Tenn., making a toilsome march over the mountains and reaching the battle of Chickamauga ,in time to participate in two days of the fiercest fighting of the war. The Regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Mudge during the battle as Colonel Stoughton was then in command of the Second Brigade. Colonel Stoughton, after the battle of Chickamauga, withdrew his Brigade to Rossville by command of General Thomas, holding that position until the Union army had passed to Chattanooga, then on the morning of the 22nd returned to Chattanooga, being one of the last of the Union Troops to leave the field. The Eleventh was in the Second Brigade commanded by General Stoughton November 25, 1863, when the famous charge was made by General Grant's troops up the steep and difficult side of Missionary Ridge. The Eleventh sprang up the almost impassable barrier, with the Confederates on the crest of the ridge pouring a murderous fire of musketry and artillery into the faces of the Union troops, but step by step, clinging to the trees and shrubs, to help them in their advance, they finally reached the summit, driving the Confederates in confusion down the other side of the mountain. The Eleventh was one of the first regiments to gain the crest of the ridge. Major Benjamin G. Bennett led the Regiment, but was killed before reaching the crest, when Captain P.H. Keegan assumed command. The Regiment suffered severely in this charge.
The following May the Regiment entered upon the Georgia Campaign with the army under the command of General Sherman, fighting its way steadily to the Chattahoochee River, which it crossed July 17th, then took part in the Seige of Atlanta. A few miles from Marietta, Ga., the Confederates had entrenched and the Eleventh charged the Cofederate works, but met with considerable loss, including Colonel Stoughton, who was so seriously wounded in the leg as to cause amputation. While in front of Atlanta, the Eleventh was in a number of charges, losing many in killed and wounded.
The term of service for which the Regiment enlisted, expired while in the trenches before Atlanta, so the Regiment was sent back to Chattanooga, then from there to Sturgis, Mich., where it was mustered out of service on Sept.30, 1864.
During their term of Federal service, they were engaged at:
Guard duty along Louisville & Nashville Railroad March
to July, 1862. Operations against Morgan July 4-28. Paris, Ky.,
July 19. Action with Morgan at Gallatin, Tenn., August 13. Ordered
to Nashville, Tenn., August, and duty there until December 26.
Siege of Nashville September 12-November 7. Neeley's Bend, Cumberland
River, October 5. Advance on Murfreesbore December 26-30. Battle
of Stone's River December 26-30, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863.
Duty at Murfreesboro until June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma
Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee, and at
Dechard, Ala., until August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains
and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September
22. Davis Cross Roads near Dug Gap September 11. Battle of Chickamauga
September 19-21. Rossville Gap September 21. Siege of Chattanooga,
Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23-27. Lookout Mountain November 24. Mission Ridge November
25. Pea Vine Valley and Graysville November 26. Outpost duty at
Rossville until March 15, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-August
27. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca
May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of
Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and
Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Pickett's Mills May 27. Operations
about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine
Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw
June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17.
Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25.
Utoy Creek August 5-7. Ordered to Chattanooga August 27. Pursuit
of Wheeler to Huntsville, Ala., August 30-September 13. Moved
to Michigan September 18-25. Mustered out September 30, 1864.
Recruits formed into a detachment and transferred to 11th Regiment
|Killed in Action--61|
|Died of Wounds--31|
|Died in Confederate Prisons--9|
|Died of Disease--178|
|Discharged for Wounds--265|
|Total Casualty Rate--41.1%|