14th Regiment Michigan Infantry
 

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The Fourteenth was organized at Ypsilanti under the supervision of Colonel Robert P. Sinclair, mustering into the service of the United States on the 13th of February, 1862 with an enrollment of 925 officers and men. The Fourteenth left the state on the 17th of April for St. Louis, Mo., joining General Grant's army at Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn. It participated in the Seige of Corinth, Miss., and when the Confederates evacuated that city, the Fourteenth formed a part of General Buell's army, in the famous race with the Confederate army, under General Bragg, to Louisville, Ky. It went no farther than Nashville where it was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division of the Fourteenth Corp, serving in that Corp throughout the remainder of the war.

In November the Regiment had a sharp encounter with Alabama troops at Lavergne, Tenn., where it captured a fort and took a large number of prisoners. After a series of marches and victories the Regiment was at Stone River, Tenn., where in January 1863, it took part in that famous engagement.

The following March, Henry R. Mizner, a captain in the regular army was commissioned Colonel of the Regiment, Colonel Sinclair having resigned. The Fourteenth was on active duty during the summer at Franklin, Brentwood and Nashville, TN., where Colonel Mizner mounted his Regiment by securing horses from the local farms, along with sufficient mules to move his transports and ambulances without calling on the government for an animal.

His entire district was infested with guerilla bands and he pursued them so relentlessly that he killed or captured most of them, driving the remaining balance out of the state.

After the area was cleared of the lawless bands of guerrillas, peace reined as far as his troops could extend, causing many of the inhabitants to take the oath of allegiance to the United States.

In January, 1864, the Regiment veteranized, with 414 men re-enlisting with the understanding and promise that they would continue their service as cavalry or mounted infantry. The companies came home by detachments on veteran furlough as the entire Regiment could not be spared as a whole. After the expiration of their 30 days furloughs the Regiment returned to Nashville on the 16th of May. A bitter disappointment greeted them on their return as a sweeping general order had been issued to dismount the Regiment, causing the organization to serve once again as infantry. Much dissatisfaction followed and Colonel Mizner made a vigorous protest against the order; but, while the efficiency of his command was recognized, he failed to get the order revoked, submitting as gracefully as possible to the inevitable.

The Fourteenth joined General Sherman's army at Dallas, Ga. the 4th of June, where it took an active part in the Atlanta Campaign, being engaged with the Southern forces at Kenesaw Mountain, the Chattahoochie River, then the Seige of Atlanta.

When General Sherman made his flanking movement around Atlanta, the Fourteenth distinguished itself by a brilliant charge at Jonesboro, breaking the Confederate line, being the first Union troops to take possession of the Confederate works. In this charge the Fourteenth captured General Govan, of Cleburn's division, along with his entire staff, four pieces of artillery, also the colors of the First Arkansas including 300 of its men.

After the fall of Atlanta the Fourteenth was with Sherman's March to the Sea, reaching Savannah, Ga., on the 16th of November. Upon the surrender of Savannah, the Regiment marched through South Carolina, crossing the Savannah River at Sister's Ferry, then through North Carolina, crossing around the Confederate lines while skirmishing at several points; then meeting strong resistance at Averysboro.

The Brigade to which the Fourteenth belonged was ordered to charge the Confederate works, carrying the first line; but, were unable to take the main line. The Brigade held its position, expecting to resume the engagement the next morning, when it was found the Southern forces had retreated. The Regiment suffered severely in this engagement.

The following day the Fourteenth followed the Confederates closely until Bentonville was reached, where they made a determined effort to shake off their foes. General Johnston and Hardee massed their forces, then made a series of desperate charges upon the Union lines. The Confederates were received with a destructive fire and were repeatedly driven back, only to return, until the union forces jumped over their works, charging the Confederates, causing a total rout, capturing a large number of officers and men with a large quantity of small arms. In the meantime the southern forces appeared in the rear of the Union lines; whereupon the Fourteenth faced about, then charged the Confederates, when after a hand to hand struggle, drove them from the field with great loss in killed and wounded with a large number captured. This was the last severe battle of the Fourteenth and of General Sherman's army.

The Fourteenth marched to Goldsboro, where it remained until April 10th, then started for Raleigh, N.C. It marched to Richmond from there and thence to Washington, D.C., where on the 18th of May it took part along with the rest of General Sherman's army in the Grand Review held on the 24th. The Regiment was then sent to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out of service on July 18th, then sent to Detroit where it arrived on the 21st. It was paid off and disbanded on July 29, 1865.

During their term of federal service they were engaged at:

Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30, 1862. Actions at Farmington, Miss., May 3 and 9. Reconnoissance toward Corinth May 8. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. Reconnoissance toward Baldwyn June 3. Buell's operations along Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee June 13-July 18. At Tuscumbia, Ala., until September 1. March to Nashville, Tenn., September 1-6, and duty there until December 26. Siege of Nashville September 12-November 7. Near Nashville November 5. Near Lavergne November 7. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Guard trains to Murfreesboro January 2-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesbore until March 8. At Brentwood until July 3 guarding line between Nashville and Franklin. Duty at Nashville, Franklin and Columbia until May, 1864. Action at Weem's Springs August 19, 1863 (Co. "C"). Regiment mounted September 8, 1863, and armed with Spencer carbines. Engaged in scout and patrol duty through Lawrence, Giles and Maury Counties, operating against guerrillas of that section. Action at Lawrenceburg, Tenn., November 4, 1863. Specially complimented by General Gordon Granger in General Order No. 38, dated November 8, 1863, for efficient services. March to Join Sherman at Dallas, Ga., May 21-June 4, 1864. Atlanta Campaign June 4 to September 8, 1864. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 13. Mustered out July 18, 1865.

Total Enrollment--1629
Killed in Action--36
Died of Wounds--17
Died of Disease--163
Discharged for Wounds--155
Died in Confederate Prisons--1
Total Casualty Rate--22.8%

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