15th Regiment Michigan Infantry
 

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Unassigned

Organized at Detroit, Monroe and Grand Rapids, Mich., October 16, 1861, to March 13, 1862. Mustered in March 20, 1862. Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo., thence to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 27-April 5. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, District of Corinth, Miss., to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 6th Division, Left Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. Unattached, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Unattached, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to January, 1864. Unattached, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

The Regiment left Monroe on March 27th., arriving at Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn. just in time to participate in the battle fought there on the 6th and 7th of April, where the Union forces were commanded by General Grant, the Confederate forces by General Johnston. It was attached to General Rosseau's Brigade during the engagements, suffering a loss of 2 officers and 31 men killed, 1 officer and 63 men wounded.

It was an experience very severe for troops so recently organized; but, the Regiment fought with the steadiness of veterans, receiving a most complimentary notice in orders from the Brigade commander for conspicuous gallantry.

The Fifteenth took part in the Seige of Corinth, Miss., which lasted from May 10th to the 31st, then met the Southern forces at Iuka, Sept. 19, Chewalla Oct. 1, then on the 3rd. and 4th. was in the advance at Corinth, when an attack was made by the Confederates, resulting in a loss to the Fifteenth of 13 killed and 32 wounded.

In November the Regiment moved to Grand Junction, remaining in that vicinity until June 1863, when it was attached to the First Division, Sixteenth Corp, in command of Colonel Oliver.

It was then ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., Then proceeded to Hayne's Bluff, where it was temporarily attached to the Ninth Corp, where on July 6th, they crossed the Big Black River in the advance on Jackson, and operated with the Ninth Corp until the Confederates were driven across the Pearl River on July 17th.

Vicksburg having surrendered, the Fifteenth was attached to the Second Brigade, Fourth Division, Fifteenth Corp, moving with that Corp to reinforce the Army of the Cumberland, passing through Memphis, Tenn., then Corinth Miss., it arrived at Florence, Ala. on Nov. 1st. The Regiment then moved to Bridgeport, Ala., then on to Scottsboro where it remained until February 1864.

At Scottsboro 186 members re-enlisted and the Regiment returned to Monroe, where the men were given a veteran furlough to visit their families.

The Regiment assembled again at Monroe, then proceeded to Chattanooga, Tenn. where it arrived on May 4th. It immediately joined in the Georgia Campaign with General Sherman's army and was constantly marching and fighting, participating in many of the hard fought battles before crossing the Chattahoochie River where it went into the entrenchments during the Siege of Atlanta.

At Decatur, a few miles east of Atlanta on the 22nd of July, the Fifteenth had a desperate engagement with General Hood's army, fighting with such gallantry that it captured the colors of two Confederate regiments and 176 prisoners, while succeeding in repulsing a very determined attack of the South. (Chas. Sanscrainte a member of the 15th won the Congessional Medal of Honor during this action.) It was constantly under fire during the siege and when General Sherman moved his army to the south of Atlanta, where the Fifteenth again repulsed a heavy assault at Jonesboro, in the battle that caused General Hood to evacuate Atlanta.

The Regiment then went into camp at East Point, Ga. for a long needed rest; however, when General Hood started north with his army, the Fifteenth joined in the pursuit.

It started Oct. 4th., marching by way of Marietta, Allatoona, Rome, Resaca and Snake Creek Gap, Ga., to Carr Springs, Ala. The records show the Regiment marched 200 miles during the month, participating in numerous skirmishes, some of them arising to the dignity of battles.

Leaving Hood to pursue his march North upon Nashville where General Thomas was in readiness to receive him the Fifteenth returned to Atlanta, where it arrived on the 12th, when two days afterward commenced the March from Atlanta to the Sea. It was then serving with the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Corp. The Regiment moved with the Corp upon Savannah, where, after the surrender of that city, they remained in camp until Jan. 14, 1865, when they embarked upon transports for Beaufort, S.C.

On January 30th, it commenced the march through the Carolinas, via Grangeburg, Columbia, Cheraw, and Fayetteville, reaching Goldsboro on March 14th. Colonel Oliver was promoted to Brigadier General on January 11, 1865, while Frederick S. Hutchinson was commissioned Colonel January 14th.

Then under his command the Regiment marched to Raleigh, N.C., then on to Washington D.C., where it arrived on the 21st., then took part in the Grand Review with General Sherman's army on May 24th.

On June 1st the regiment was sent to Louisville, Ky., then on to Little Rock, Ark., where it arrived on the 7th of July. It remained there until August 14th, when it started on its return to Michigan, arriving at Detroit on September 1, 1865, where it was paid off and disbanded.

During their term of Federal service, they were engaged at:

Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7, 1862. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Duty at Corinth until July 18. Moved to Bolivar, Tenn., July 18, and duty there until August 16, then moved to Corinth, Miss. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Garrison and provost duty at Grand Junction and LaGrange November 19, 1862, to June 5, 1863. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 5. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., June 11-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black until September. Moved to Memphis, thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-November 20. Operations on Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. At Scottsboro, Ala., until February, 1864. Expedition toward Rome, Ga., January 25-February 5, 1864. Veterans on furlough until April. Action at Guntersville, Ala., March 2 (Non-Veterans). Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Brush Mountain June 15. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. NickaJack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Reconnoissance from Rome on Cave Springs Road and skirmishes October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Clinton November 21-23. Near Bryan's Court House December 8. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Fort McAllister December 13. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Salkehatchie Swamps, S.C., February 2-5. North Edisto River February 12-13. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 1-6, thence moved to Little Rock, Ark., June 28, and duty there until August 13. Mustered out August 18, 1865.

Total Enrollment..........2390

Killed in Action............51

Died of Wounds..............24

Died in Confederate Prisons..4

Died of Disease............182

Discharged for wounds......286

Total Casualty Rate.......22.8%

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