16th Regiment Michigan Infantry



Little Round Top, southwest slope. Gettysburg

Rear

Mustered in at Detroit, Mich. Sept. 8. 1861. Mustered out at Jeffersonville, Ind. July 8, 1865.
total enrollment 2318 Officers & Men
Killed in action, 10 Officers, 155 Men. Died of wounds, 2 Officers, 48 Men.
Died of disease, 128 men. Total 343.
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Participated in 52 skirmishes and general engagements from Yorktown, Va.
May 4, 1862 to Appomattox, Va. April 9, 1865. And was one of the Regiments
detailed to receive Lee's Army with its arms and flags on April 9, 1865.
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Regiment held this position during the afternoon and night of
July 2, 1863, and assisted in defeating the desperate attempts of the
enemy to capture Little Round Top.
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Present for duty, 17 Officers, 339 Men. Total 356.
Casualties
3 Officers, 20 Men. Killed 2 Officers, 32 Men wounded. 3 Men missing.
Total 60

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Unassigned

William Nahorn--Brady's SS Company--(Attached to the 16th Michigan Infantry)

The Sixteenth was organized at Detroit and was originally known as "Stockton's Independent Regiment" as it was organized by Colonel Thomas B. W. Stockton, Flint, but it was afterward given the numerical number of the Sixteenth. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 16, 1861. Attached to Butterfield's Brigade, Fitz John Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1865.

In February of 1862 a company was recruited at Detroit known as "Dygert's Sharpshooters" as it was organized by Captain K.S. Dygert. On the records of the adjutant General's office the company is designated as the first independent company of sharpshooters attached to the Sixteenth Infantry and served with the Regiment until the close of the war.

The Sixteenth took part in the Peninsular Campaign under General McClellan and formed a part of the Third Brigade, First Division, Fifth Corp then commanded by Fitz John Porter, and remained a part of that Corp during its entire term of services.

The Regiment was at the Seige of Yorktown in April 1862 and participated in the engagement at Hanover Court House, Va., in May of 1862. June 27th it fought in one of the most desperate battles of the war at Gaines Mills, Va., where it gallantly contested with the Confederates for the possession of the field. The stubborn resistance by the Sixteenth is forcible illustrated by the casualties as the Regiment lost 3 officers and 46 men killed, 6 officers and 110 men wounded and 2 officers and 53 men missing. Colonel Stockton's horse was shot under him and he was taken prisoner and sent to Richmond, Va., where he remained until the following August before he was exchanged.

The Regiment, under command of Lieutenant Colonel Welch, was engaged at Malvern Hill, July 1, then on Aug. 30 participated in the battle of Manassas, where it was exposed to a destructive fire and gallantly fought heavy masses of Confederates with no thought of yielding the field. In this action the Sixteenth met with a loss of 3 officers and 13 men killed, 4 officers and 59 men wounded.

The Regiment, in command of Lieutenant Colonel Welch, Colonel Stockton having been exchanged and assigned to the command of a Brigade, entered upon the Maryland Campaign and was at Antietam, Md. though not engaged. Immediately after the battle the Sixteenth joined in the pursuit of the retreating Confederates and pushed them across the Potomac River into Virginia.

The Regiment was at Harpers Ferry, Nov. 1, and marched to the Rappahannock River, crossing at Falmouth and participated in the battle of Fredricksburg, where it met with considerable loss.

After a series of marches it was engaged at Chancellorsville and took an important part in that disastrous battle, but held the ground it was assigned to hold though repeatedly charged by the Southern forces.

At Middleburg, Va., June 21st, the Regiment fought a series of spirited engagements following and driving the Confederates for thirteen miles and went into camp at the close of the day's operations near Upperville. Colonel Stockton resigned May 8, 1863, and Lieutenant Colonel Welch was commissioned Colonel May 18, 1863. Under his command the Regiment entered upon the Pennsylvania Campaign and fought in the historic battle of Gettysburg adding a worldwide fame to its laurels in the defence of Little Round Top. This important position was considered by the commanders of both armies to be one of vital importance and was unoccupied until General Warren detached Vincent's Brigade, which was marching with its division to the support of Birney in the Peach Orchard.

The Sixteenth was in Vincent's Brigade and at once commenced the ascent of the rocky mount at the same time Hood's Texas troops commenced the ascent on the opposite side. With almost superhuman efforts Hazlett's battery was dragged by hand up the rugged side of Little Round Top. On the bare summit detached rocks were thrown together for protection against the storm of shot and shell that was crashing with awful destruction in and around the four regiments that had gained the eminence.

As the Confederates climbed by desperate methods toward the summit he was met in a hand to hand struggle with bayonet and clubbed muskets and a most terrible and bloody struggle took place.

Simultaneous volleys of muskets were poured into the faces of the assailants and assailed alike.

Hazlett's battery belched forth in a blaze of fire death laden shot and shell. When the fearful cry arose that the ammunition was exhausted, the grim and smoke blackened Union troops grasped their muskets and with flashing bayonets charged the foe down the rocky and torn side of the hill, driving them behind Devils Den, and the key to the battle line was saved for General Mead's Army.

No more desperate fighting occurred during the Civil War, nor was greater heroism shown on any field than was shown by the Union and Confederate troops who fought on that bloodsoaked hill.

After the battle of Gettysburg the Sixteenth crossed the mountains and started the pursuit of the Confederate army over the Potomac River at Berlin on the 17th. It was constantly on the march, skirmishing and fighting and participating in the different movements with the army of the Potomac. The months of August, September, October and during the year marched over 800 miles.

At Kelly's Ford on the Rappahanock River the Sixteenth demonstrated its gallantry again under fire and after capturing the Confederate works remained at the Ford until November 26.

In December 294 members of the Sixteenth re-enlisted and the Regiment returned to Michigan on veteran furlough. It reassembled at Saginaw and on the 17th of Feb., 1864, joined its Brigade in the army of the Potomac.

It was in winter quarters at Bealton Station, Va., until May 1 and the 6th and 7th of the same month participated in the battle of the Wilderness where it lost 35 Killed and wounded.

The Regiment participated in all the movements in this campaign with it's Corp, meeting the Confederates at Spottsyvania and at other places during the flanking operations of General Grant's army. Crossing and re-crossing the North Anna River and then marching rapidly upon Hanovertown.

A company of sharpshooters was recruited at Detroit and mustered into service May 3, 1864 and was known as "Jardine's Sharpshooters" as it was organized by Captain George Jardine and was designated as the Second company of sharpshooters attached to the Sixteenth.

In June the Regiment was constantly skirmishing with the Rebel forces and during the 2nd, 3rd and 4th was engaged at Bethesda Church. From this point it moved to Cold Harbor and crossed the Chickahominy River at Long Bridge. It crossed the James River Aug. 15, and took part in the Siege of Petersburg.

At Peebles Farm on September 30 the Regiment distinguished itself with the same gallantry that actuated its members at Gettysburg. In a charge upon the South's works the Sixteenth had the center of the line and Colonel Welch was one of the first to reach the entrenchments; but was instantly killed at the moment he mounted the parapet. The Regiment lost 10 killed and 42 wounded before the works were in the possession of the Union troops.

The Sixteenth took part in many of the movements of the Fifth Corp in the vicinity of Petersburg during the siege. February 7, 1865, it was engaged with the Confederates at Dabney's Mills and on March 25th at Hatchers Run, at White Oaks Swamp the 29th, at Quaker Road the 31st and at Five Forks April 1st. It followed the Confederate army when General Lee retreated from Richmond and came in contact with the Confederates frequently until the surrender at Appomattox Court House, on the April 9th.

In May the Regiment took up it's line of march for Washington, D.C. where it arrived on the 12th and participated in the Grand Review with the army of the Potomac on May 23. June 16th the Regiment was ordered to Louisville Ky., where it arrived on the 21st. It was mustered out of service at Jeffersonville, Ind., July 8 and returned to Michigan to arrive at Jackson on the 12th and was paid and disbanded July 25, 1865.

During their term of Federal service they were engaged at:

Camp at Hall's Hill, Defences of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula March 22-24. Reconnoissance to Big Bethel March 30. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Reconnoissance up the Pamunkey May 10. Battle of Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Mechanicsville June 26; Gaines' Mill June 27; Savage Station June 29; Turkey Bridge or Malvern Cliff June 30; Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown Ford September 19. At Sharpsburg until October. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richards and Ellis Fords, Rappahannock River, December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Aldie June 17. Middleburg and Upperville June 21. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty at Warrenton, Beverly Ford and Culpeper until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Veterans absent on furlough January 2 to February 17, 1864. At Bealeton Station until May. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 4-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna May 23-26. Jericho Mills May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad, August 18-21, 1864. Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm, September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Junction of quaker and Boydton Roads and Lewis Farm near Gravelly Run March 29. White Oak Road March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 3-12. Grand Review May 23. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 16-22, thence to Jeffersonville, Ind. Mustered out July 8, 1865.


Total Enrollment--2194
Killed in Action--173
Died of Wounds--54
Died in Confederate Prisons--8
Died of Disease--104
Discharged for Wounds--211
Total Casualty Rate..........25.1%

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