The Twenty Second Regiment was raised in the counties of Oakland, Livingston, Macomb, St. Clair, Lapeer and Sanilac, being what was then, the Fifth Congressional District. Organized at Pontiac, Mich., and mustered in August 29, 1862. Left State for Kentucky September 4. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, District of Central Kentucky, Dept. Ohio, to April, 1863. District of Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Reserve Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland, to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Reserve Corps, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1863. Engineer Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to May, 1864. Reserve Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to April, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Separate Division, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1865.
On the 4th. of September, the Regiment took its route for Kentucky via Cincinnati, 997 strong, under the command of Colonel Wisner, who served faithfully, with much distinction until attacked with typhoid fever, of which he died at Lexington, Kentucky, on the 4th. of January. On the 4th. of September, the 22nd. was given a Flag, just before leaving Pontiac, by the young ladies of that city. This Flag was defended at Chickamauga in the heroic charge of the Regiment, where three color bearers were killed and several wounded, with nearly the entire Regiment killed, wounded or taken prisoner.
The Regiment, under the command of Colonel Le Favour, after the death of Colonel Wisner, remained in Kentucky until April the 13th., being stationed in Lexington, Danville, Nicholasville and Stanford amongst other places. On the 24th. of March they were attacked near Danville, by the Confederates, under the command of General Pegram, then fell back to Wickman Bridge, with a loss of 2 men wounded, one taken prisoner. The Regiment arrived at Nashville, April the 14th., where they remained until the 5th. of September, when they moved to Bridgeport, Alabama, then proceeded to Rossville, thence to Ringgold, Georgia.
After the historic and bloody carnage began at Chickamauga, the Regiment was rapidly deployed to assist in the desperate struggle. Arriving there on August 2nd., the second day of the fight.
Arriving on the field, the Regiment was pushed right to the front, being immediately severely engaged. The Regiment went into this action with a strength of 584 officers and men, losing 2 officers wounded with 15 missing, 36 men killed, 89 wounded and 247 missing, a loss of 372 men, before the sun set on that fateful day.
Colonel Le Favour, having been assigned the command of two Regiments, the 89th. Ohio in addition to the 22nd., the 22nd. went into the action under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Sanborn, who was severely wounded, while Captain Elijah Snell, along with Wm. Smith, were mortally wounded.
The former died on the 25th., the latter dying on October the 11th. Colonel Le Favour being a prisoner, with Lieutenant Colonel Sanborn wounded, Major Henry Dean commanded during the remainder of the engagement. Cartridges all gone " you must use the bayonet," says General Whittacker to the 22nd. The Confederates again advance in fury, the sun has gone down on that bloody field, in the twilight it is difficult to distinguish friend from foe. The 22nd. rushes forward with bayonets fixed, with muskets empty, under a terrible storm of grape, cannister and musketry, meeting the Southern charge, driving them back at every point. An order comes to fall back, but to late for the 22nd. The Regiment is closed in on both flanks, cut off, when darkness finds nearly all of the Regiment in the hands of the Confederates or down on the field, until with what remaining men they were ordered to the rear.
Then on the 23rd. they proceeded to Moccasin Point, on the North bank of the Tennessee River, where they were employed, under continuous fire from Confederate batteries on Lookout Mountain, in building fortifications until October 28th., when they were ordered to the South side of the river, to support General Hooker, there to dig rifle pits in command of the Lookout Valley.
October 30th., they returned to camp at Moccasin Point. At this time the Regiment was assigned to the 3rd. Brigade, 2nd. Division, of the 14th. Corp, but was acting with the 4th. Corp. Since that time being attached to the Engineer Brigade, commanded by General Wm. Smith, Chief Engineer.
The 22nd. remained at Chattanooga until may 31st., at which time they reported to Brown's Mill Creek, GA, where they were joined with the 9th. Michigan to form a Brigade, to be known as a Reserve Brigade, Department of the Cumberland serving on Provost Duty.
They performed in that capacity, along with Engineers, in the armys march to Atlanta, On October 31st, being assigned to part of the headquarters of General Thomas, they returned to Chattanooga, remaining there through the winter, building barracks, leaving on the June 20, 1865 for Nashville, where they were mustered out of Federal Service on the 26th.
On the 27th. they left for Michigan, by way of Louisville, Indianapolis, the Michigan City, arriving at Detroit on the 30th., where they were paid off and disbanded.
During their term of federal service, they were engaged at:
Operations in Central Kentucky September to November, 1862.
Duty at Lexington, Ky., until February 21, 1863. Moved to Danville,
Ky., February 21-22, and return to Lexington February 23-24, and
duty there until March 21. Operations against Pegram March 21-April
2. Action at Danville March 24. Hickman's Bridge March 24-27.
At Stanford until April 8. March to Lebanon April 8-10, thence
moved to Nashville, Tenn., April 12-14. Duty at Nashville and
guarding railroad April 14 to September 5, 1863. Moved to Bridgeport,
Ala., September 5-6; to Rossville, Ga., September 13-14. Reconnoissance
to Ringgold, Ga., and skirmish September 17, Battle of Chickamauga
September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November
23. Duty at Moccasin Point; engaged in Engineer duty until October
28. At Wauhatchie, Tenn., October 28-30. Regiment attached to
Engineer Brigade November 2, and engaged in building road from
Chattanooga to Brown's Ferry November 2-21. Laid pontoon bridge
for crossing of Sherman's army November 22. Battles of Chattanooga
November 23-25. Moved to Lookout Mountain December 1, and engaged
in repairing railroad until December 16. Building storehouses
in Chattanooga, cutting and rafting timber and similar Engineer
duty until May 26, 1864. March to Brown's Mill Creek May 26-31
and Joined Headquarters, Army of the Cumberland. Assigned to provost
duty at Headquarters, Army of the Cumberland, participating in
the following service: Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 1 to September
8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June
10-July 2. Pine Hill July 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault
on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station or Smyrna Camp Ground July
4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Building bridges at Pace's Ferry
July 18-21. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July
22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro
August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Provost
duty at Atlanta September 9-October 31. Escort to Gen. Thomas'
Headquarters from Marietta, Ga., to Chattanooga, Tenn., October
31-November 6. Provost duty at Chattanooga until April 1, 1865.
Transferred to the District of the Etowah April 1. Duty at Chattanooga
until June 20. Mustered out at Nashville, Tenn., June 26, 1865.
|Killed in Action--53|
|Died of Wounds--29|
|Died of Disease--292|
|Total Casualty Rate--23.6%|