In the order for the recruitment of the Twenty Seventh Regiment, it was directed that six companies be raised in the Lake Superior counties, but only three were there, then organized, consisting of those recruited by Captain's Wright, Plummer and Moody. These companies were rendezvoused at Port Huron, being for a time in charge of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Sprague, of Detroit, afterwards under the command of Colonel D.M. Fox.
In the mean time, the recruitment of a regiment designated as the Twenty Eighth had been ordered and to rendezvous at Ypsilanti, under the command of Colonel Edward Doyle, of Detroit.
Recruiting of these regiments proceeded so slowly that it was determined, in view of the extingencies of the service, to consolidate them, so on the 1st of February 1863, the 27th. was ordered to break camp at Port Huron, then to proceed to Ypsilanti. Organized at Port Huron, Ovid and Ypsilanti, Mich., and mustered in April 10, 1863. (Co. "I" December 13, 1863; Co. "K" January 4, 1864.) Left State for Kentucky April 12, 1863. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 1865.
This process of consolidation was completed, the united regiments becoming known as the Twenty Seventh Infantry. The Regiment was then ordered into the service of the United States on April 10, 1863.
The Regiment consisting of eight companies, under the command of Colonel Fox, proceeded to Kentucky via Cincinnati, on April 12th. with a force showing on its muster roll of 865 officers and men. Before leaving the State, they were presented a flag, presented by the ladies of Port Huron, which was carried throughout the remainder of the war.
They were stationed at various places in Kentucky, having a skirmish with the Confederates at Jamestown on June 2, 1863. They were then assigned to the 3rd. Brigade, 1st. Division of the 9th. Corp, then sent to Mississippi to reinforce General Grant's Siege of Vicksburg, being engaged there until the 4th. of July, at which time they advanced on Jackson, where in a skirmish on July 11th., they lost 2 killed and 5 wounded. After the fall of Jackson, the Regiment destroyed several miles of railroad track, then went into camp at Milldale.
On the 1st. of November the Regiment was moved to the 2nd. Brigade and transferred to Lenoir Tennessee, to assist in the repulse of Longstreet's advance in that area. Marching to Hough's Ferry on the 14th., the Regiment retreated, along with the rest of the Union army to Knoxville, suffering much from want of rest, insufficient rations and equipment. At Campbell's Station, the Regiment made a stand in defence of some supply trains, losing 3 killed, 18 wounded and missing. Retreating then to Knoxville the Regiment took an active part in its defence, losing 54 men in killed and wounded. When the Confederates started the retreat from that place, the Regiment set out in pursuit, following them to Rutledge, fell back to Blain's Cross Roads. At Mossy Creek, in March the Regiment was reinforced with two additional companies, along with new recruits from the state, numbering in all 362 men.
On the 17th. the Regiment proceeded to Annapolis, where two companies of sharpshooters were added to there rolls, there also to be assigned to the Army of the Potomac. On the 6th. the Regiment crossed the Rapidan River to take part in the battle for the Wilderness, losing 89 killed and wounded, before moving on to Spottsylvania Court House where they were again engaged, losing another 187 in killed, wounded and missing. Then marching to the North Anna River, where they took another 11 casualties. Having crossed the Pamuncky River, they then moved on the Confederates at Bethesda Church, their rolls there depleted by yet another 73 men.
Then crossing the James River they were engaged at Cold Harbor, then onto the Siege of Petersburg. After the explosion of the Mine, they were in the charge into the Crater, exposed to a most terrific and severe fire losing heavily. During the month of July losing another 143 men.
During the month of September, the Regiment was used mostly in building fortifications, until on the 29th. they moved on the Weldon Railroad, then the battle at Peeble's Farm, losing 11 men.
During the month of November, they were engaged only in picket duty staying in the trenches before Petersburg. On the following April, they made a demonstration at Mine Fort, then took part in the charge from Fort Sedgwick against the Confederate Fort Mahon with only 123 men, who fought with such ferocity, that they penetrated the Fort, placing the flag of the 27th. atop the earthworks, capturing three pieces of artillery along with 164 prisoners.
When Lee evacuated Petersburg, the Regiment was in pursuit, though never coming in contact until on the 18th. of May, after Lee and Johnston's surrender, they were ordered to Washington, to take part in the Grand Review, on the 23rd., they then proceeded to Taneytown,MD, remaining until the 26th. of July they were mustered out of the service of the United States, returning thence to Michigan, arriving in Detroit on the 29th. to be paid off and disbanded shortly thereafter.
During their term of federal service, they were engaged at:
Duty at various points in Kentucky April to June, 1863.
Action at Jamestown, Ky., June 2. Moved to Vicksburg. Miss., June
4-12. Siege of Vicksburg. Miss., June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson,
Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Destruction of
Mississippi Central Railroad at Madison Station July 18-22. At
Milldale until August 4. Moved to Covington, thence to Crab Orchard,
Ky., August 4-30. March to Knoxville, Tenn.. September 10-26.
Action at Blue Springs October 10. Duty at Lenoir until November
14. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Loudon Station
November 14. Campbell's Station November 16. Siege of Knoxville
November 17-December 5. Repulse of Longstreet's assault on Fort
Saunders November 29. Pursuit of Longstreet December 6-18. Operations
in East Tennessee until March, 1864. Armstrong's Ferry January
22. Advance to Morristown January 24-March 2. (Cos. "I"
and "K" Join Regiment at Mossy Creek, Tenn., March,
1864.) Moved from Knoxville, Tenn., to Nicholasville, Ky.; thence
to Annapolis, Md., March 17-April 5. Campaign from the Rapidan
to the James River May 4-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May
5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Ny River May 10. Spottsylvania May
12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26.
Ox Ford May 23-24. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy
May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before
Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2. 1865. Mine Explosion, Petersburg,
July 30 1864. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Poplar Springs Church
September 29-October 2. Reconnoissance on Vaughan and Squirrel
Level Roads October 8. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October
27-28. Fort Stedman March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March
28-April 9. Assault on Fort Mahone and fall of Petersburg April
2. Occupation of Petersburg April 3. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
Moved to Washington, D.C., April 20-24. Grand Review May 23. Duty
at Washington and Alexandria until July. Mustered out July 26,
|Killed in Action--128|
|Died of Wounds--86|
|Died of Disease--203|
|Total Casualty Rate--20.5%|