4th Regiment Michigan Infantry
 

DeTrobrand Avenue, the Wheatfield Gettysburg

Front

4th MICHIGAN INFtry
2nd Brig 1st Div 5th CORPS
Participated in 53 skirmishes and general engagements
 From Bull Run, Va., July 21st 1861. To Appomattox Va. April 9th 1865

Left

Mustered in at Adrian Mich.
June 20th 1861.
Veterans consolidated with
First Mich. Infantry June 30th 1864.

Total enrollment 1325 Officers and men.
 Killed in action--Officers 8--Men 115
Died of wounds--Officers 4--Men 50
Died of disease--Officers 1--Men 95
Total 273

Right

This monument marks the position held
Present for duty--27 Officers--
killed 1 officer 24 men. Wounded  Wounded 9 Officers 55 men
Colonel Harrison H. Jeffords fell mortally wounded at this point.
Thrust through by a bayonet in recapturing  the colors of his Regiment
from his bosom that heaved the last torrent that was streaming
and pale was his visace deep marked with a scar
and dim was that eye once expressively beaming.
that melted in love and that kindled in war.

Company Rosters 

Independent
 

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

Unassigned

Organized at Detroit, Mich., and mustered in August 28, 1862. Left State for Louisville, Ky., September 26. Attached to 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to November, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to July, 1865.

The Fourth took part in McClellan's Peninsular Campaign of 1862, having been assigned to Griffin's Brigade, Morrell's Division of Porter's Corp and was present at the Seige of Yorktown, later fighting gallantly at Williamsburg. The conspicuous position it held in the advance of the army upon the Confederate forces at Newbridge, on the Chicahominy, displaying their valor there under the most trying circumstances earned it special notice from General McClelland in his dispatches to the war department.

In this campaign the Fourth sustained its honorable record at Hanover Court House, Mechanicsville, also covering itself with glory at the desperate battle of Gaines' Mills. It was engaged with heavy loss at Turkey Bend, and White Oak Swamp. At Malvern Hill, Colonel Woodbury fell at the head of his Regiment on July 1st, closing a usefull and brillant military career.

After the Peninsular Campaign the Fourth entered upon the Pope Campaign, taking part in the engagements at Gainsville, Manassas, then Antietam. In December they suffered severly at Fredericksburg, where it was a part of the Second Brigade, First Division, Fifth Corp.

May 4, 1863 saw the Fourth engaged at Chancellorsville, losing heavily in killed and wounded, then after long and fatiguing marches through Maryland and Pennsylvania arrived at Gettysburg, where it fought July 2nd and 3rd in that historic encounter, receiving the plaudits of distinguished officers for its deeds of heroism. From Gettysburg the Fourth followed the Confederate Army, all of the while actively on the march or fighting until the following October, when it went into camp at Warrenton Junction for a well earned rest.

On the 7th of November the Fifth Corp commenced a series of marches and actions along the Rapidan River, which continued, until the winter put a stop to active field operations.

The spring campaign of 1864 opened with the death grapple of Union and Confederate armies at the Wilderness. From this time until the expiration of its term of service in June, the Fourth was continuously engaged with the Confederates taking part in the sanguinary battles along the North Anna River and the Pumunky River. It was engaged before Petersburg, Va., June 16, then as the term of its three years service had expired, the Regiment was embarked for Washington, thence to Detroit. Arriving there on the 26th where it was mustered out of service on June 30, 1864.

During their term of Federal service, they were engaged at:

Advance on Stanford, Ky., October 10-14, 1862. Action at Stanford October 14. March to Gallatin, Tenn., November 1-8. Cumberland River, near Gallatin, November 8. Lebanon November 11. Franklin Pike, near Hollow Tree Gap, December 4. Reconnaissance from Nashville to Trenton December 11-12. Wilson's Creek Pike December 11. Franklin December 12. Near Murfreesboro December 15. Reconnaissance from Rural Hill December 20. Wilson's Creek Pike December 21 (Cos. "A" and "B"). Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Lavergne December 26-27. Stewart's Creek Bridge, Jefferson Pike, December 27 (Cos. "B," "E," "H" and "L"). Battle of Stone River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Overall's Creek December 31. Lavergne and Stewart's Creek January 1 (Cos. "A," "D." "E" and "G"). Lytle's Creek January 5, 1863. Reconnaissance to Harpeth River and Cumberland Shoals January 13-19. Woodbury January 24. Unionville and Rover January 31. Expedition to Franklin January 31-February 13. Rover February 13. Manchester Pike February 22 (Detachment). Unionville and Rover March 4. Expedition toward Columbia March 4-14. Thompson's Station March 9. Rutherford Creek March 10-11. Expedition from Murfreesboro to Auburn, Liberty, Snow Hill, etc., April 2-6. Snow Hill, Woodbury and Liberty April 3. Franklin April 10. Expedition to McMinnville April 20-30. Hickory Creek April 21. Expedition to Middleton May 21-22. Middleton May 22. Near Murfreesboro June 3. Scout on Middleton and Eaglesville Pike June 10. Scout on Salem Pike June 12. Expedition to Lebanon June 15-17. Lebanon June 16. Middle Tennessee (or Tullahoma) Campaign June 23-July 7. Fosterville and Guy's Gap June 27. Shelbyville June 27. Reconnaissance to Rock Island Ferry August 4-5. Sparta August 9. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Calf Killer River August 17. Pea Vine Bridge and Reed's Bridge September 18. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Rossville Gap September 21. Operations against Wheeler and Roddy September 30-October 17. McMinnville October 4. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Raid on East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad November 24-27. Charleston and Cleveland November 26. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. On courier duty between Headquarters of General Grant and General Burnside during December. Cleveland December 22 (Detachment). Scout from Rossville toward Dalton, Ga., January 21-23, 1864. Near Dalton January 22. Ringgold, Ga., February 18. Demonstrations on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27. Tunnel Hill and near Dalton February 23. Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. Stone Church, near Catoosa Platform, February 27. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Tanner's Bridge May 15. Near Rome May 15. Arundel Creek and Floyd's Springs May 16. Near Ringston May 18. Near Dallas May 24. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Big Shanty June 9. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. McAffee's Cross Roads June 11. Noonday Creek June 20. Powder Springs or Lattimer's Mills June 20. Noonday creek June 27. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Tunnel Hill June 28. On line of Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Rottenwood Creek July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Flint Hill Church July 20. Garrard's Raid to Covington July 22-24. Garrard's Raid to South River July 27-31. Flat Rock Bridge July 28. Siege of Atlanta August 1-16. Kilpatrick's Raid around Atlanta August 18-22. Red Oak August 19. Flint River and Jonesboro August 19. Lovejoy Station August 20. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Sandtown August 29. Rosswell September 28. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Lost Mountain October 4-7. New Hope Church October 5. Dallas October 7. Near Rome October 10-11. Narrows October 11. Coosaville Road, near Rome, October 13. Little River October 20. Blue Pond and Leesburg October 21. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., October 26; thence to Louisville, Ky., to refit. At Louisville until December 28. March from Louisville, Ky., to Gravelly Springs, Ala., December 28, 1864, to January 25, 1865, and duty there until March --. Wilson's Raid from Chickasaw, Ala., to Macon, Ga., March 22-April 24. Selma, Ala., April 2. Montgomery April 12, Pleasant Hill and Double Bridges April 18. Capture of Macon April 20. Pursuit and capture of Jeff Davis at Irwinsville, Ga., May 10 (Detachment). Duty at Macon and Nashville until July. Mustered out July 1, 1865.

Total Enrollment--1399
Killed in Action--124
Died of Wounds--68
Died in Confederate Prisons--16
Died of Disease--99
Discharged for Wounds--385
Total Casualty Rate.........49.4%

One hundred and twenty-nine men re-enlisted as vetern volunteers and the Regiment was at once reorganized with eight new companies under Colonel Jairus W. Hall at Adrian.

It had been thought best to give the history of the first three years service, then the reorganized Fourth, separately in this history as they were practically two different Regiments, the original Fourth serving in the Army of the Potomac while the reorganized Fourth served in the Western theatre.

The reorganized Fourth was mustered into United States service October 14, 1864, then on the 22nd left Adrian for Nashville,Tn. It was engaged with the Confederates at Decatur, Ala., and New Market, soon after being sent to Huntsville, Al. where it was assigned to the Third Brigade, Third Division, Fourth Army Corp. In March the Regiment went by rail to Knoxville, Tn., then marched througout East Tennessee, returning to Knoxville on April 27th. In June the Fourth was embarked upon transports and sent to New Orleans, La., where a detachment of re-enlisted veterans joined the Regiment. In July the Regiment was sent by transports to Indianola, Texas then marched to San Antonio. The Regiment remained in Texas until May 26, 1866, where it mustered out of service at Houston, returning to Detroit June 10, where it was paid off and disbanded.

Total Enrollment--1009
Killed in Action--1
Wounded in Action--4
Died of Disease--119
Total Casualty Rate.........12.2%

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