7th Regiment Michigan Infantry

Hancock Avenue, by Copse of Trees Gettysburg

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The companies of the Seventh were recruited in different parts of the state, upon recruitment, the Regiment was mustered into U.S. service, Aug. 22, 1861, at Monroe. It was composed of the "Union Guard" of Port Huron, the "Curtenius Guard" of Mason, the "Jonesville Light Guard" of Jonesville, the "Monroe Light Guard" of Monroe, the "Tuscola Volunteers" of Tuscola, the "Blair Guards" of Farmington, the "Lapeer Guards" of Lapeer, one company from Pontiac, the "Prairieville Rangers" of Prairieville and the "Burr Oak Rangers" from Burr Oak.

Left State for Washington, D.C., September 5. Attached to Lander's Brigade, Stone's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1865.

The Seventh left Monroe Sept. 5, 1861, with 884 officers and enlisted men, under the command of Colonel Ira B. Grosvenor, then set out to join the Army of the Potomac. The next month after its arrival at the front, the Regiment took part in the battle of Ball's Bluff.

In the spring of 1862 the Regiment was assigned to the Third Brigade, Second Division, Second Corp, under the overall command of McClellan in the Peninsular Campaign of 1862. It fought gallantly at Yorktown, Fair Oak, Peach Orchard, Savage Station, White Oak Swamp, Glendale, Malvern Hill, and Manassas. The Regiment was complimented on numerous occasions by commanding Generals during this campaign for its steadiness under fire,its gallantry in action and its stubborn resistance when confronting the Confederate Forces. Though its losses were severe the ardor of the men never failed to respond to the orders of their officers under the most trying of circumstances.

Colonel Norman J. Hall was commissioned to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Colonel Grosvenor, assuming command in July. He led the Regiment at the battle of Antietam, where its ranks were decimated by nearly one half, among which those lost, were a large number of fearless line officers.

The Seventh gained an enviable reputation at Fredericksburg in Dec., 1862 when it volunteered to cross the Rappahannock River in pontoon boats, under the fire of opposing sharpshooters, to drive the Confederate skirmishers from their cover behind walls, rifle pits, and stone buildings, who had by their well directed fire stopped the engineers from laying a pontoon bridge so the army of General Burnside could cross. Many were killed and wounded while crossing in the boats, among the latter being Colonel Baxter; but, they pushed on until the opposite bank was reached, where they charged the Confederate's, driving them from cover, capturing a large number of prisoners.

The Seventh entered the Pennsylvania Campaign in 1863 with the Army of the Potomac, and by long and forced marches reached Gettysburg on the 2nd of July, being assigned to a position on Cemetery Ridge, where it retained until the close of battle on the 3rd of July. The Regiment took 14 officers and 151 men into action. Following the two days of fighting they lost 21 killed and 44 wounded, an eloquent eulogy upon the heroism of this regiment. The Seventh joined in the pursuit of the Confederate army upon its retreat into Virginia. Then on Aug. 20th sailed from Alexandria, Va., to New York, to remain during the progress of the draft riots, which were causing turbulent times there. The following October it was again with the Army of the Potomac, fighting a spirited battle at Bristo Station. The Regiment was on active duty, marching, fighting and building earth works until December, when 162 of its members re-enlisted, returning to Monroe on January 2, 1864, where it was furloughed for 30 days.

It reassembled again at the end of 30 days, then returned to its old camp at Barry's Hill.

In May the regiment started on the long campaign which finally ended in the Seige of Petersburg and the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomatox Court House.

It was part of the famous Second Corp, and crossed the Rapidan River at Ely's Ford on the 4th, then shortly afterwards engaged with the Confederates at the fearful battle of the Wilderness. Every day of this march was written in the blood of the Seventh. It fought at Spottsylvania, where it assaulted the Confederate works with great loss. It took part in the series of engagements following Spottsylvania and was in the disastrous charge at Cold Harbor.

The regiment crossed the James River and arrived before Petersburg on the 15th, where it assisted in building fortifications, performing its share of picket duty until the end of July. While in front of Petersburg it took part in the numerous actions in the vicinity, engaging the opposing forces at Deep Bottom, Reams Station, Hatcher's Run and Boynton Plank Road.

When General Grant commenced his famous flanking movement around Petersburg the Seventh took a conspicuous part, moving to High Bridge and Farmville. It was still on the march April 9, 1865, when General Lee Surrendered at Appomatox Court House. After the surrender the Seventh marched to Burkville, then to Richmond, and finally to Washington, where it took part in the Grand Review.

June 6th the Regiment was ordered to report to General Logan at Louisville, Kentucky arriving in that city on the 22nd. July 5th it was mustered out of service, returning to Jackson, Mich., where it was paid off and disbanded.

During their term of Federal service they were engaged at:

Guard duty along the upper Potomac until December, 1861. Near Edward's Ferry October 22. Moved to Muddy Branch December 4, and duty there until March, 1862. Moved to Harper's Ferry, thence to Charleston and Berryville March 12-15. To Harper's Ferry, thence to Washington, D.C., March 24, and to the Virginia Peninsula March 27. Peninsula Campaign April to August. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. West Point May 7-8. Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing until August 16. Action at Malvern Hill August 5. Movement from Harrison's Landing to Alexandria August 15-28, thence to Fairfax Court House August 28-31. Cover Pope's retreat from Bull Run to Washington. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 22, and duty there until October 30. Advance up the Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15. Forlorn hope to cross the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg December 11. Duty at Falmouth, Va., until April, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. On detached duty at New York City during draft disturbances August 20-September 12. rejoined army at Culpeper, Va. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Bristoe Station October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Stevensburg until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 4-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Laurel Hill May 8; Spotsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 10; Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, "Bloody Angle," May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12, Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Demonstration north of James at Deep Bottom August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Boydton Road March 30-31. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville until May 2. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 2-12, Grand Review May 23. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 16-22, thence to Jeffersonville, Ind. Mustered out July 5, 1865.

Total Enrollment--1375
Killed in Action--127
Died of Wounds--56
Died of Disease--147
Died in Confederate Prisons--17
Discharged for Wounds--344
Total Casualty Rate--50.2%

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