9th Regiment Michigan Infantry
 

Rosters

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Unassigned

Organized at Detroit, Mich., and mustered in October 15, 1861. Moved to Jeffersonville, Ind., October 25, thence to West Point and to Muldraugh's Hill, Ky., and duty there constructing bridges and earthworks until January 4, 1862. Attached to Thomas' Command, Dept. of the Ohio, November, 1861. 16th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to March, 1862. 23rd Independent Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. Headquarters 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to February, 1864. Headquarters Dept. of the Cumberland in the field to May, 1864. Reserve Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to October, 1864. Headquarters Dept. of the Cumberland, Chattanooga, Tenn., to June, 1865. Nashville, Tenn., to September, 1865.

In November, 1861, the regiment was at West Point, Ky., where it assisted in fortifying Muldraugh Hill, building roads and bridges. Detachments of the Ninth were sent to Elizabethtown, Ky. and other places surrounding West Point, Ky., where their presence was necessary to gain information, while protecting the countryside from marauding Confederate forces. Colonel W. W. Duffield, having been assigned the 23rd Brigade, Army of the Cumberland, Lieutenant Colonel John J. Parkhurst assumed command of the Ninth and assembling his Regiment at West Point, where it embarked on the Ohio river, proceeding to Nashville, arriving there on Jan. 23, 1862.

The Regiment participated on the march through Kentucky after the Confederate General John Morgan, assisting the 23rd Brigade in driving the notorious raider from the state. In June, the Ninth formed a part of a force of 9,000 troops under command of General Negley, then commenced a movement to capture Chattanooga, Tenn.

After numerous conflicts with the Confederates, Negley's troops arrived before Chattanooga on June 8th, then after a spirited contest, drove the Confederates out of the city. Not having a force sufficient to occupy and hold the works, General Negley divided his forces, placing them at strategic points in the vicinity. In July, four companies under Major Dorus M. Fox were stationed at Tullahoma, the other six companies were under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Parkhurst at Murfreesboro. Here the six companies of the Ninth, together with the Third Minnesota, assisted by a squadron of Kentucky cavalry, were furiously attacked by the Confederate General Forrest at 4:00 A.M. on the morning of July 13th, by a force of 2,500 cavalry.

The attack fell heavily upon the detachment of the Ninth, consisting of about 250 men. The Confederates rode with reckless bravery into the camp of the Ninth, where a hand to hand encounter took place, then after prolonged struggle, the attackers was driven back, the Ninth recovering their overran camp. No support was sent to the Ninth, though Lieutenant Colonel Parkhurst sent messengers to the commander of the post, calling for reinforcements to help him in this desperate condition. The isolated portion of the detachment of the Ninth furnished ample opportunity for General Forest to bring an overwhelming force against it. The obstinate contest lasted from 4 a.m. until 1 p.m., when with no prospect of aid, with one-third of this men killed, wounded or captured, Lieutenant Colonel Parkhurst was most reluctantly obliged to surrender his command to the Southerners. Lieutenant Colonel Parkhurst and his adjutant Henry M. Duffield were taken prisoners in this engagement, the former being held until Dec. 3, 1862, when he was released, the latter August 15, 1863.

During the month of November,the Ninth entered upon the campaign under General Rosecrans, who was operating against the Confederate troops, that culminated in the battle of Stone River and the capture of Murfreesboro. During the campaign; but before, the battle of Stone River the Ninth was detailed by General Thomas as a special guard at his headquarters, as Provost Guard for the 14th Corp.

When the Union right was crushed at Stone River, the Ninth did most gallant service in checking the stampede to the rear, by firmly holding the Nashville Pike, the disorganized forces were stopped and returned to their commands. Major General Thomas complimented Colonel Parkhurst and the Regiment for the very important service rendered at this critical point of battle. The Regiment also was engaged in provost duty at the battle Chickamauga, Ga., and by its prompt action gathered up the stragglers from the commands that were broken up by the furious onslaught of the Confederate columns, returning them to the firing line, where they helped repel the Confederate assaults.

Lieutenant Colonel Parkhurst was commissioned Colonel Feb. 6, 1863, being made Provost Marshal General of the Army of the Cumberland, with Lieutenant H. M. Duffield as his Adjutant General.

The Regiment passed under the command of Colonel Wilkinson, then in November and December, the Ninth was doing provost duty at Chattanooga.

Here the Regiment veteranized, 306 of its members re-enlisting, then were sent to Coldwater, Michigan, where they were furloughed for 30 days. After the expiration of the 30 days furlough the Regiment left Coldwater on Feb. 10, 1864, with 500 men, reporting to General Thomas, then started out on the Georgia Campaign. They were on provost duty in all of the battles from Chattanooga to Atlanta and when Atlanta fell, did provost duty in that city.

The Ninth returned to Chattanooga, then proceeded to Nashville with General Thomas, performing provost duty there until Sept.15, 1865, when it was mustered out and returned to Jackson, Michigan, where it arrived on the 27th, was paid off and disbanded.

During their term of Federal service, they were engaged at:

March to Elizabethtown, Ky., January 4-6, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "C," "D," "F" and "K"), and duty there until March 11. (Cos. "E" and "G" at West Point until January 15, 1862, then moved to Elizabethtown. Co. "I" at West Point until March 9, then moved to Elizabethtown. Co. "F" at Nolin Bridge January 9 to March 9, 1862.) March to West Point March 11-12, thence to Nashville, Tenn., March 19-23, and duty there until May 28. Expedition to Middle Tennessee in pursuit of Morgan May 3-7. Negley's Expedition to Chattanooga, Tenn., May 28-June 17. Chattanooga June 7. Forest's attack on Murfreesboro July 13. (Six Companies, "A," "B," "C," "G," "H" and "K" captured.) Companies "E," "D," "F" and "I" at Tullahoma until August. Short Mountain Cross Roads near McMinnville August 29 (Co. "D"); Tyree Springs September 11. Companies "E," "D," "F" and "I" at Bowling Green, Ky., District of Louisville, Dept. Ohio, to October. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7. Regiment detailed as special guard at Headquarters of General Thomas, and also as provost guard for 14th Army Corps, October. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Overall's Creek December 31, 1862. Duty at and near Murfreesboro until June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee until August 16. Passage of the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle Of Chickamauga September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Battles of Chattanooga November 23-25. Recononissance toward Dalton February 22-27, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Provost duty at Atlanta, Ga., until October 30. Moved to Chattanooga October 30-November 6, and duty there at Headquarters Dept. of the Cumberland until March 27, 1865. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., March 27, and duty at Headquarters Dept. of the Cumberland; also guarding military prisons until September. Mustered out September 15 and discharged at Detroit, Mich., September 26, 1865.

Total Enrollment--1947
Killed in Action--14
Died of Wounds--11
Died of Disease--271
Discharged for Wounds--208
Total Casualty Rate--25.8%

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