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Sickles Avenue, Exelsior Field Gettysburg
Engaged in 26
Organized at Camp Olden, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in September 3, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 22, 1861. Attached to Hamilton's Division, Defenses of Washington, to March, 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1862. Artillery Reserve, 3rd Army Corps, to August, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 3rd Army Corps, to January, 1863. Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, to May, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 3rd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 2nd Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1864. Artillery Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula March, 1862. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Fair Oaks (or Seven Pines) May 31-June 1. Action at Fair Oaks Station June 21. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Oak Grove, Seven Pines, June 25. Peach Orchard and Savage Station June 29. White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defenses of that city until November. Operations on Orange and Alexandria Railroad November 10-12. Near Falmouth, Va., November 28-December 11. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12--15. At Falmouth until April 27, 1863. "Mud March" January 20-24. Operations at Rappahannock Bridge and Grove Church February 5-7. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. South Mountain, Md., July 12. Wapping Heights, Manassas Gap, Va., July 23. Near Warrenton, Va., until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Brandy Station November 8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At and near Stevensburg until May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Spotsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient ("Bloody Angle") May 12. Harris Farm (or Fredericksburg Road) May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James River August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Russell's Mills August 18. Ream's Station August 25. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Boydton Road, Fall of Petersburg, April 2. Sutherland Station April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6, Farmville April 6-7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 16, 1865.
Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 8 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 23 Enlisted men by disease. Total 32.
This Battery was at the commencement of the Rebellion, a part of the Militia force of the State, and was known as Company F, First Regiment, Independent Essex Brigade. It remained in this connection until September, 1861, when it tendered its services to the Governor for active service. It was accepted under the provisions of an Act of Congress, approved July 22, 1861, and by authority received by the Governor from the War Department, Washington, D. C. The Battery was then fully organized and completed under the requirements of General Orders No. 16, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., May 4, 1861. It was fully completed, officered and equipped by the 3d of September, 1861, at which time it was mustered into the service of the United States for three years or during the war, at Camp Olden, Trenton, N. J., by Charles H. Brightly, First Lieutenant Fourth Infantry, United States Army, the strength of the Battery being - Officers, 5; Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates, 159. Total, 164. It left the State October 22, 1861, en route for Washington, D. C.; soon after arrival it was furnished with the necessary outfit of guns, horses and equipments, and under orders crossed into Virginia and went into Camp, near Alexandria, having been assigned to the Third Army Corps. Under the provisions of General Orders No. 191, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., June 25, 1863, a number of the enlisted men re-enlisted in the field, for three years or during the war; those who did not re-enlist and whose term of service having expired, reported at Trenton, N. J., and were mustered out September 14, 1864, by James W. Long, Captain Second Infantry, United States Army. At different times during the years 1862, 1863 and 1864, the strength of the Battery was increased by the joining from Draft Rendezvous, Trenton, N. J., of large numbers of recruits. In January, 1864, the strength of the Battery having been increased by the arrival of recruits far beyond the maximum allowed by law, the surplus men were transferred to Batteries C, D and E, in compliance with Special Orders No. 39, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., January 26, 1864. The Battery continued its organization and remained in active service until the close of the war, when it was mustered out at Trenton, N. J., June 16, 1865, by R. Burnett Smith, Brevet Captain Eleventh Infantry, United States Army, in compliance with General Orders No. 105, War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., June 2, 1865.
Record of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Volume II. Compiled in the Office of the Adjutant General. Published by Authority of the Legislature. William S. Stryker, Adjutant General. Trenton, New Jersey, John L. Murphy, Steam Book and Job Printer, 1876.