August F. Bronner (Brouner)

August Frederick Bronner was born in Germany in 1835 and migrated to the United States prior to the Civil War. Bronnerís war records provide contradictory information about the units in which he served during the war. The records do show that, at age 25, Bronner enlisted in a New York artillery unit on September 19, 1861 as a private for three years and that he served in various New York artillery units until he was discharged on August 22, 1864. The Battle of White Oak Swamp took place on June 30, 1862 in Henrico County, Virginia during the Peninsular Campaign as part of the Seven Days Battles. After four days of fighting, the Union Army of the Potomac was retreating southeast toward the James River. Its rearguard, under Major General William Franklin, stopped Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's divisions at the White Oak Bridge crossing, resulting in a long artillery duel in which Bronner participated. Meanwhile, the Battle of Glendale raged two miles farther south around Frayser's Farm. Because of the strong resistance from Franklinís V Corps, General Jacksonís forces were not able to participate in the main Confederate assault on the Union Army at Glendale that had been ordered by General Robert E. Lee. This led to an inconclusive result at Glendale, but one which allowed the Union Army to assume a strong defensive position at Malvern Hill on the following day. August Frederick Bronner died on October 31, 1983 and is buried in Fairmount Cemetery, Newark, NJ. Private August Bronner was awarded the Medal of Honor on April 19, 1892 for his courage at White Oak Swamp, Virginia on June 30, 1862 while serving in the 1 st Battalion New York Artillery. Citation: Continued to fight after being severely wounded

Taken in the Fairmount Cemetery, Newark, Essex County, N.J. and was submitted by Fred Otto.

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