Organized at Portage, N.Y., as 130th Infantry and mustered in September 2, 1862. Left State for Suffolk, Va., September 6, 1862. Attached to Provisional Brigade, Peck's Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to October, 1862. Spinola's Brigade, Peck's Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps, to December, 1862. Gibbs' Brigade, Peck's Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps, to January, 1863. Terry's Brigade, Peck's Division at Suffolk, 7th Army Corps, to April, 1863. Terry's Brigade, Corcoran's 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Army Corps, to July, 1863. Provost Marshal General's Command, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. Designation of Regiment changed to 19th Cavalry August 11, 1863, and to 1st Dragoons September 10, 1863. Reserve Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Shenandoah, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah and Army Potomac, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Suffolk, Va., until May, 1863. Expedition from Suffolk December 1-3, 1862. Action on the Blackwater near Franklin December 2. Reconnaissance's from Suffolk to Blackwater December 23 and 28. Near. Suffolk and at Providence Church December 28. Expedition toward Blackwater January 8-10, 1863. Deserted House January 30, Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. South Quay Road, Suffolk, April 17. Suffolk April 19. Nansemond River May 3. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. South Quay Road June 12. Franklin June 14. Blackwater June 16-17. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 7. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Baltimore Cross Roads July 4. Ordered to Washington, D.C. Ashby's Gap July 19. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Between Centreville and Warrenton September 22. Manassas Junction October 17. Bristoe Station October 18. Buckland Mills October 18-19. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Culpeper Court House November 20. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Barnett's Ford February 6-7. Rapidan Campaign May-June, 1864. Wilderness May 5-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Spottsylvania May 8. Sheridan's Raid to James River May 9-24. Davenport Bridge, North Anna River, May 10. Yellow Tavern and Ground Squirrel Bridge May 11. Fortifications of Richmond and Meadow Bridge May 12. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Hanovertown May 27. Haw's Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Old Church and Mattadequi Creek May 30. Cold Harbor May 31-June 6. Sheridan's Travillian Raid June 7-24. Trevillian Station June 11-12. Newark or Mallory's Ford Cross Roads June 12. White House or St. Peter's Church June 21. Black Creek or Tunstall's Station June 21. Jones' Bridge June 23. Charles City Court House June 24. Before Petersburg and Richmond June 27-July 30. Demonstration north of the James River July 27-29, Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Shephardstown August 8. Near Stone Chapel, Berryville Pike, August 10. Tell Gate near White Post and Newtown August 11. Cedar Creek August 12. Cedarville August 13 and 16. Summit Point August 21. Near Kearneysville and Shephardstown August 25. Leetown and Smithfield August 28. Smithfield Crossing, Opequan Creek, August 29. Bunker Hill September 13. Sevier's Ford, Opequan Creek, September 15. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Middletown and Strasburg September 20. Fisher's Hill September 21. Near Edenburg September 23. Front Royal, Mt. Jackson, September 23-24. New Market September 24. Port Republic September 26-27. McGaugheysville September 28. Mr. Crawford October 2. Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races," October 8-9. Hupp's Hill near Strasburg October 14. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Fisher's Hill October 20. Liberty Mills October 22. Berryville October 28. Near White Post November 1. Near Kernstown November 11. Newtown November 12. Cedar Creek November 19. Expedition from Winchester into Fauquier and Loudoun Counties November 28-December 3. Bloomfield November 29. Expedition to Gordonsville December 19-28. Liberty Mills December 21. Jack's Shop December 22. Near Gordonsville December 23. Sheridan's Raid from Winchester February 27-March 25, 1865. Occupation of Staunton March 2. Action at Waynesboro March 2. Near Charlottesville March 3. Goochland Court House March 11. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Scott's Cross Roads April 2. Deep Creek April 3. Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Station April 8. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 23-29. March to Washington, D.C., May. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 30, 1865, and honorably discharged from service.
Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 130 Enlisted men by disease, etc. Total 261.